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How the British and Americans started listening in

  • introductory: Inside them was America's code-breaking triumph- their version of a Japanese code machine they had broken, which they were offering as an introductory gift.
  • tonight: Waiting for the Americans at Bletchley was its director Alastair Denn iston, who had given strict instructions to his assistant: " There are going to be four Americans who are coming to see me at 12 o'clock tonight.
  • stride: Admiral Mike Rogers from America's National Security Agency (NSA) and Robert Hannigan, of Britain's GCHQ, are striding up the same path Sinkov and his team walked.
  • reciprocate: It still took weeks of deliberation for Churchill to eventually decide Britain would reciprocate.
  • lacerate: Today he's famous both as a pioneer of computing and as someone lacerated by 1950s attitudes to sex uality.

A troubled year for American football

  • concussion: The film told the story of the doctor who originally linked a progressive degenerative brain disease called chronic traumatic encephalopathy with former football players who took repeated blows to the head, and the NFL's efforts to downplay the risks of concussions.
  • concussion: Meanwhile, concussion diagnoses went up by a third in the 2015 season, as the league tried various measures to make the sport more safe.
  • concussion: The NFL invested in a training programme for coaches called Heads Up Football which certifies them in proper tackling technique and educates them on spotting concussions.
  • recant: Manning categorically denied any wrongdoing, saying the report is a " fabrication", and one of the main sources in the film later recanted.
  • estimate: The Carolina Panthers will take on the Denver Broncos for Super Bowl 50- a historic milestone that an estimated 115 million fans are expected to tune in for.

Hollywood tackles concussion head-on

  • caption: Image copyright Melinda Sue Gordon/Columbia Pictures Image caption Will Smith stars as Dr Bennet Omalu who first discovered sport-related brain trauma in former NFL players.
  • discover: Image copyright Melinda Sue Gordon/Columbia Pictures Image caption Will Smith stars as Dr Bennet Omalu who first discovered sport-related brain trauma in former NFL players.
  • brain: Image copyright Melinda Sue Gordon/Columbia Pictures Image caption Will Smith stars as Dr Bennet Omalu who first discovered sport-related brain trauma in former NFL players.
  • repeat: Over the last few years, American Football has had to face up to the fact that repeated head collisions, which are a major feature of the sport, can have serious long-term health consequences.
  • collision: Over the last few years, American Football has had to face up to the fact that repeated head collisions, which are a major feature of the sport, can have serious long-term health consequences.

What does it mean to be a US progressive?

  • clamour: Though not everybody is on the streets, clamouring for it.
  • caption: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption During the campaign, Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton have argued over who is a progressive.
  • campaign: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption During the campaign, Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton have argued over who is a progressive.
  • argue: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption During the campaign, Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton have argued over who is a progressive.
  • candidate: Two Democratic candidates for the US presidency, Senator Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton, are fighting over the term " progressive".

GoPro shares fall 19% on quarterly loss

  • caption: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption GoP ro's sales were hit by a decision to cut the price of its Hero4 Session camera last year.
  • camera: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption GoP ro's sales were hit by a decision to cut the price of its Hero4 Session camera last year.
  • quarter: It also said revenue for the current quarter would come in well below expectations.
  • device: GoPro has been facing competition from cheaper devices made by Chinese rivals.
  • announce: In its earnings statement, GoPro also announced that Brian McGee would take over as chief financial officer from Jack Lazar from next month and that it would cut production of some of its action cameras.

American exceptionalism in a time of American malaise

  • antique: However, just as striking are the symbols of regression: its decrepit schools, creaking bridges and antique airports.
  • stagnant: With middle-class incomes stagnant, and with so much wealth concentrated in the hands of the much-derided "One Per Cent ", the American dream just no longer seems to ring true for many families.
  • condescension: To many American readers, I know, this will all reek of the kind of European condescension that has doubled as commentary since the founding days of the Republic- Americans are not the only people with a sense of their superiority.
  • fluke: That America has emerged as the leader of the free world is not regarded as some cosmic fluke.
  • preordain: Its global role and mission, a responsibility to spread American values around the world, was divinely sanctified and historically preordained, thanks to the genius of its founding fathers.

Trump to Boycott Next Republican Debate

  • rejoinder: You're fired," Cruz said, riffing on Trump's famous rejoinder from the " The Apprentice.
  • lea: As Sanders left Iowa and Minnesota for his meeting with Obama on Wednesday, the meeting was being watched for signs of the president's lea nings.
  • beget: He predicted success in Iowa and New Hampshire would beget more support from party leaders who have firmly backed Clinton as the party's best chance for a general election victory.

Is Trump causing a Republican civil war?

  • palatable: They say Mr Cruz is a rigid ideologue who has undermined Republican strategy during his three years in the Senate, while Mr Trump- no doubt a political wild card- could become a palatable candidate with whom their party could work.
  • opportunist: Trump is a philosophically unmoored political opportunist who would trash the broad conservative ideological consensus within the GOP in favour of a free-floating populism with strong-man overtones," the magazine editors write.
  • overtone: Trump is a philosophically unmoored political opportunist who would trash the broad conservative ideological consensus within the GOP in favour of a free-floating populism with strong-man overtones," the magazine editors write.

The crazy way Americans elect their presidents

  • queue: Afghan votes, where women queue at polling stations dressed in sky-blue burkas, and warlords darken the process with their guns and menace, are more epic.
  • denouement: Like many good dramas, it is episodic: the Iowa Caucus; the New Hampshire primary; Super Tuesday; the conventions; the presidential deba tes; then, finally, the denouement of election night.
  • outlandish: The problem is that the greatest democratic show on earth also doubles as the most outlandish.
  • lampoon: Regardless of the cast, the process itself is easy to lampoon.
  • quirk: As well as its geographical quirks, there is the duration of the contest.

Will Smith confirms Oscar no-show

  • subliminal: Actor Dustin Hoffman says the Oscar nominations are an example of " subliminal racism".
  • subliminal: Speaking at Wednesday's National Television Awards in London, Dustin Hoffman said the all-white line-up was an example of the " subliminal racism" that exists throughout American society.
  • demur: I have to demur and I have to stand up for the people I have to stand up for.

17 things that Bernie Sanders believes

  • mantle: His fight for equal treatment of the poor and middle class and against the " billionaire class" is a central tenet of his campaign, and the socialist mantle has positioned him further left of centre than Clinton.
  • speculator: Sanders wants to pay for his most sweeping proposals with a series of tax hikes and fees, mostly levelled at the wealthiest of Americans: hedge fund managers, Wall Street speculators and big businesses.
  • speculator: He has introduced a plan to make tuition at public universities and colleges free by taxing Wall Street speculators.
  • candid: Some of the candid shots of Sanders working in the middle seat have inspired memes juxtaposed with Clinton or Donald Trump boarding private aircrafts.
  • disheveled: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Sanders supporters celebrate his famously disheveled hair.

US-UK press comment on MPs' Donald Trump debate

  • unanimity: "His comments outraged MPs too," The Times says," and in an extraordinary display of unanimity on Monday night, politicians from all sides seemed intent on outdoing each other as they searched for the most wounding response.
  • outdo: "His comments outraged MPs too," The Times says," and in an extraordinary display of unanimity on Monday night, politicians from all sides seemed intent on outdoing each other as they searched for the most wounding response.
  • demagogue: The paper quotes Conservative backbencher Edward Leigh, who argued that those who want to shut down a demagogue may be guilty of demagoguery themselves.

Is the word 'ghetto' racist?

  • belittle: Tarantino had belittled the art of composing for the cinema, but what had he said that was racist?
  • linguistics: Then in the 1960s and 1970s, according to David Brown, a professor of linguistics at the University of Michigan" it takes on a very pejorative sense to do with race, poverty, social-economic status, and neighbourhoods that are run-down ".
  • pejorative: Then in the 1960s and 1970s, according to David Brown, a professor of linguistics at the University of Michigan" it takes on a very pejorative sense to do with race, poverty, social-economic status, and neighbourhoods that are run-down ".
  • stove: Brown cites the 1996 book Sckraight From The Ghetto, by Bertice Berry and Joan Coker, which says you know you're " ghetto" if " your weave is longer than your torso" or you " think turning up the heat means turning on another burner on the stove "- and a 1998 song, So Ghetto, by Jay Z..
  • pejorative: It is still largely pejorative, though the Jay Z song is more subversive," he says.

Clinton calls for deportation raid halt

  • ire: A spike in raids in recent weeks, largely aimed at women and children, has drawn the ire of rights groups.
  • repeat: They come as fears grow that a spike in immigration from Central America may be foreshadowing a repeat of the 2014 crisis that saw tens of thousands of migrants- especially unaccompanied children- cross the border.
  • expedient: Martin O'Malley, who is in a distant third place, has attacked his two rivals saying that their support for immigrants was recent and politically expedient.

United States country profile

  • inception: The constitution, drafted in 1787, established a federal system with a division of powers which has remained unchanged in form since its inception.
  • replica: Early settlers arrived in ships such as this replica of the Dutch vessel Half Moon.
  • momentous: The terrorist attacks of September 11 2001 had a momentous impact as the country continued to re-define its role as the world's only superpower.
  • replica: Image caption Early settlers arrived in ships such as this replica of the Dutch vessel Half Moon.
  • replica: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Early settlers arrived in ships such as this replica of the Dutch vessel Half Moon.

Canada country profile

  • ceremonial: It follows the British pattern of parliamentary democracy, and the UK monarch is head of state, represented by a largely ceremonial governor-general.
  • democracy: A federation of former British colonies, Canada follows the British pattern of parliamentary democracy, and the UK monarch is head of state.
  • especially: Ties with the US are now vital, especially in terms of trade, but Canada often goes its own way.
  • abate: Both English and French enjoy official status, and mainly French-speaking Quebec- where pressure for full sovereignty has abated in recent years- has wide-ranging cultural autonomy.
  • autonomy: Both English and French enjoy official status, and mainly French-speaking Quebec- where pressure for full sovereignty has abated in recent years- has wide-ranging cultural autonomy.

The decline of US power?

  • dexterity: Barack Obama has instead advocated pragmatism and diplomatic dexterity, trying to steer a path between America being overextended and undercommitted.
  • disengage: Barack Obama, who campaigned in 2008 on a platform of extricating America from its unpopular and exhausting wars, has drawn criticism for disengaging too much.
  • impulsive: Under both presidents- the first an impulsive unilateralist, the second an instinctive multilateralist content sometimes to lead from behind- America's global standing has been diminished.
  • outcry: Tellingly, however, there has been no great public outcry.
  • reluctance: America's reluctance to launch new military actions has also had a major bearing on the nuclear negotiations with Iran.

Puerto Rico profile

  • liner: Tourism is an important money-earner; the island receives millions of visitors each year and is a port-of-call for cruise liners.
  • territory: The tropical Caribbean territory is urbanised, industrialised and relatively prosperous.
  • invade: The US invaded and occupied Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War of 1898, ending centuries of rule from Spain.
  • island: The US saw the island as a strategic asset and ran it as a colonial protect orate.
  • caption: Image caption Historic San Juan is made up of colonial homes and cobbled streets.

Obama's 'hopeless' push for gun control

  • reckon: At some point, we as a country will have to reckon with the fact that this type of mass violence does not happen in other advanced countrie s," Mr Obama said on Thursday morning.
  • violence: At some point, we as a country will have to reckon with the fact that this type of mass violence does not happen in other advanced countrie s," Mr Obama said on Thursday morning.
  • murder: As Mr Obama clearly understands, if a person can walk into a school, murder 20 children and public policy on this issue doesn't change- as happened in the 2012 Newtown, Connecticut attack- it's just not going to change.
  • policy: As Mr Obama clearly understands, if a person can walk into a school, murder 20 children and public policy on this issue doesn't change- as happened in the 2012 Newtown, Connecticut attack- it's just not going to change.
  • issue: As Mr Obama clearly understands, if a person can walk into a school, murder 20 children and public policy on this issue doesn't change- as happened in the 2012 Newtown, Connecticut attack- it's just not going to change.

Will a 'feared' book damage Hillary's presidential hopes?

  • propriety: Questions about the propriety of the foundation's donation policy aren't new.
  • allude: Word of this book has been bubbling in conservative circles for a while- Kentucky Senator Rand Paul has been alluding to the " big news" ever since he launched his presidential bid in early April.
  • contemporaneous: According to the Times, Schweizer writes: " We will see a pattern of financial transactions involving the Clintons that occurred contemporaneous with favourable US policy decisions benefiting those providing the funds.
  • adverse: In Extortion, Schweizer accuses members of Congress, Republican and Democratic, of running a glorified protection racket, where they shake down donors under the threat of adverse legislation.
  • ire: It was enough to stir the ire of Republican Speaker of the House John Boehner, who said Schweizer was making " bogus and salacious claims to sell books ".

St Pierre and Miquelon profile

  • possession: The sole remnant of France's once-extensive possessions in North America, the Atlantic islands of St Pierre and Miquelon lie off the Canadian island of Newfoundland.
  • island: The sole remnant of France's once-extensive possessions in North America, the Atlantic islands of St Pierre and Miquelon lie off the Canadian island of Newfoundland.
  • island: The sole remnant of France's once-extensive possessions in North America, the Atlantic islands of St Pierre and Miquelon lie off the Canadian island of Newfoundland.
  • transport: With little agriculture and a troubled fishing industry, they depend on France for subsidies and on their near neighbour for goods and transport links.
  • territory: The territory capitalises on its image as " France in North America ".