It's fun and simple!
  1. Start by clicking on a news article below.
  2. Get help with TOEFL / SAT vocab words while reading.
  3. Take a quiz after you are done reading.
Want to use it on any web page anywhere?
  1. Add the ESL Reader bookmark to your browser.
  2. Go to any web page and click on the bookmark.
News / blog publishers:
Increase your traffic and user engagement using the ESL Reader Widget.

World News North America Europe Asia Latin America Mid-East Africa Live Dictionary API & Feeds About

Select Your Reading Level:   All Levels |  Easy (Simpler English) |  Medium (Intermediate) |  Hard (Advanced)

Bolivia crisis: Evo Morales accepts political asylum in Mexico

  • clash: Meanwhile, Bolivia's military commander ordered troops to back up police who have clashed with Morales supporters.
  • harass: Announcing his resignation, Mr Morales said he had taken the decision in order to stop fellow socialist leaders from being " harassed, persecuted and threatene d ".
  • clash: Image copyright Reuters Image caption Morales supporters clashed with police in La Paz.
  • annul: First, the Organization of American States, a regional body, announced its audit of the election had found " clear manipulation" and called for the result to be annulled.
  • clash: Opponents of Mr Morales have been celebrating across Bolivia, setting off fireworks and waving national flags, while his supporters clashed with police in the cities of La Paz and El Alto, according to local media reports.

Brazil's Bolsonaro to walk diplomatic tightrope at BRICS

  • protract: Bolsonaro's bilateral meeting with Xi-- one of several to be held on the sidelines of the annual BRICS get-together that will focus on economic growth and innovation-- comes as the United States and China wage a protracted trade war that has roiled the global economy.
  • bilateral: Bolsonaro's bilateral meeting with Xi-- one of several to be held on the sidelines of the annual BRICS get-together that will focus on economic growth and innovation-- comes as the United States and China wage a protracted trade war that has roiled the global economy.
  • contempt: Bolsonaro-- an ardent admirer of Trump with whom he shares a contempt for multilateralism and left-wing ideology-- has been under pressure from Brazil's powerful beef, farming and mining sectors to stay on good terms with China, the Latin American country's biggest trade partner.
  • torpedo: Bolsonaro had threatened to torpedo the relationship during last year's election campaign when he accused China of " buying Brazil," and his pro-business government has been trying to repair the damage ever since.
  • ardent: Bolsonaro-- an ardent admirer of Trump with whom he shares a contempt for multilateralism and left-wing ideology-- has been under pressure from Brazil's powerful beef, farming and mining sectors to stay on good terms with China, the Latin American country's biggest trade partner.

The company decoding African DNA to help fight diseases

  • efficacy: Drugs are not even made with Africans in mind, they are not trialled clinically with an African population, so what you have is drugs with lower efficacy for African populations and with poorer safety profiles," he told the BBC.
  • patent: Pharmaceutical giants often manufacture drugs for the profitable Western market, and the generic variants are only available in Africa after these companies lose their patents.
  • ancestry: According to Abasi Ene-Obong, the founder and CEO of biotech start-up 54gene, black Africans and people of black ancestry are more genetically diverse than all of the other populations in the world combined, making their genetic information" a huge resource to be tapped ".
  • laboratory: He has set up a genetic research laboratory in Nigeria's largest city of Lagos from where his team plans to analyse some 40,000 DNA data samples by the end of 2019, with a view to reaching 100,000 over the next 12 months.
  • variant: Pharmaceutical giants often manufacture drugs for the profitable Western market, and the generic variants are only available in Africa after these companies lose their patents.

Hillary Clinton: 'Shameful' not to publish Russia report

  • inexplicable: It is " inexplicable and shameful" that the UK government has not yet published a report on alleged Russian interference in British politics, Hillary Clinton has told the BBC.
  • clearance: The report has formal security clearance, but it will not be released until after the 12 December election.
  • inexplicable: She also told BBC Radio 5 Live's Emma Barnett: " I find it inexplicable that your government will not release a government report about Russian influence.
  • subversion: It includes allegations of espionage, subversion and interference in elections.
  • covert: It contains evidence from UK intelligence services such as GCHQ, MI5 and MI6 concerning covert Russian attempts to influence the outcome of the 2016 EU referendum and 2017 general election.

Bolivia armed forces pledge to tackle violence as new election looms

  • ministry: A Mexican military plane bound for Bolivia has stopped off in Peru and continued its journey to pick up Morales, the Peruvian foreign ministry said.
  • illegitimate: These events send a strong signal to the illegitimate regimes in Venezuela and Nicaragua that democracy and the will of the people will always prevai l," Trump said, referring to two other leftist Latin American nations targeted by his administration.
  • imminent: Tweeting from the central coca-growing region of Chapare, where he fled on Sunday, Morales called on the opposition to " pacify the country " as some of his supporters were violently set upon in La Paz, while a top opposition figure said he feared an imminent mob attack on his home.
  • landmark: Morales defended his legacy on Sunday, which includes landmark gains against hunger and poverty and tripling the country's economy during his nearly 14 years in office.
  • pacify: Tweeting from the central coca-growing region of Chapare, where he fled on Sunday, Morales called on the opposition to " pacify the country " as some of his supporters were violently set upon in La Paz, while a top opposition figure said he feared an imminent mob attack on his home.

Sweden's 100 explosions this year: What's going on?

  • trio: After last month's trio of attacks in Stockholm, public broadcaster SVT was accused of a leftist cover-up for leaving the story out of a main evening news programme.
  • improvise: Bangers, improvised explosives and hand gre nades " are behind most of the blasts, says Linda H Stra af, head of intelligence at Sweden's National Operations Department.
  • flat: An explosion in the residential northern Stockholm suburb of Bromma last month destroyed the entrance to a block of flats, blew out windows and damaged cars.

Mexico grants asylum to Bolivia's Evo Morales

  • transport: The resignation of Morales, who governed for 14 years, followed protests in Ecuador and Chile that forced their governments to step back from policies raising fuel and transport prices.
  • resign: Ebrard said earlier on Monday his government viewed Sunday's events in Bolivia as a " coup" because the military broke with the constitutional order by pressing Morales to resign.
  • resign: Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador praised Morales saying he chose to resign rather than put the lives of Bolivia's citizens at risk.
  • shelter: Mexico's Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard said Morales ' life was in danger, and the decision to grant him asylum was in Mexico's long tradition of sheltering exiles.
  • whereabouts: His exact whereabouts were unknown, though it was believed he had left in the presidential plane for his stronghold of Chapare province.

Why being kind could help you live longer

  • trivial: Even seemingly trivial interactions, like a barista at a coffee shop smiling and asking how you are, can improve people's wellbeing.
  • humane: I think we're living in a time where there's a direct need to step back and explore the things that make us human and that have the potential to lead to more humane societies," he says.
  • eulogy: It was a key part of former president Barack Obama's eulogy of veteran US Democrat Elijah Cummings, following his death last month.
  • research: Psychologists researching how kindness can improve mood and reduce depression symptoms.
  • contagious: Mr Fessler's work has looked at how people can be motivated to be kind simply by witnessing acts of kindness- and working out who is affected by this " contagious kindness ".

Video raises questions about Israeli shooting of Palestinian

  • amateur: It was the second video to emerge in the past week showing the shooting of an unarmed Palestinian by Israeli forces, and the latest example of how amateur videos are changing the operating environment for soldiers in the West Bank.
  • alley: As he exits the alley, he appears to be shot at close range from the side.
  • incapacitate: In the most famous case, a soldier spent nine months in prison after he was convicted of manslaughter based on a video that showed him fatally shooting an already incapacitated attacker in the head.
  • alley: In the video, a young man is seen walking in an alley between two buildings, with one hand in the air and carrying a towel in the other.

US troops at Syria base say they'll keep pressure on IS

  • desert: The Kurdish-led force, deserted by Washington in the face of the threat of a military operation by NATO ally, leaned on the Syrian government and Russia for help.
  • kilometer: The cease-fire reached in late October left Turkey in control of a stretch of land along the border that is roughly 120 kilometers ( 70 miles) wide and 30 kilometers ( 20 miles) deep.
  • blockade: First Lt. Jacob Moore said a group of his Bradley armored vehicles were asked to provide security for a U.S. convoy passing through the fighting area, Tal Tamr, setting up a security blockade to allow the forces to pass.
  • expanse: Trump approved an expanded military mission which he said was to secure an expanse of oil fields across eastern Syria.
  • exact: The military required that the names and exact locations of the bases not be identified.

James Le Mesurier, British ex-army officer who trained Syria's White Helmets, found dead in Ista...

  • precaution: He said Mr Le Mesurier knew he was the target of Russian-fuelled vitriol and took precautions.
  • access: A second Turkish source claimed his apartment could only be accessed using fingerprint identification.
  • smear: The intelligence services have warned against persistent Russian smears, of Mr le Mesurier over his support for the rescue group.

'Uranium particles' detected at undeclared site in Iran: IAEA

  • inspector: Without going into specifics, the IAEA has disputed the Iranian account of the incident and said last week that the inspector was briefly prevented from leaving the country, adding that her treatment was " not acceptable.
  • inspector: The IAEA report made no mention of an incident involving one of the IAEA's inspectors two weeks ago which led to Iran cancelling her accreditation.
  • narrow: Ahead of the meeting in Paris on Monday of the British, French, German and EU officials, one European source had said that " the window of opportunity for de-escalation is narrowing very seriously.
  • mitigate: Since May, Iran has progressively breached limits under the agreement, while insisting the steps are reversible if the other parties to the deal provide relief to mitigate the effect of US sanctions.
  • diplomat: However, a diplomat described the incident as an " isolated case" and there is no indication that the IAEA's access for inspections has been restricted more broadly.

Jordan, UAE, Turkey, Sudan accused of violating sanctions on Libya -U.N. report

  • fluid: The frontline of the fighting has remained fluid but constrained within narrow bounds since April.
  • exacerbate: The U.N. Security Council issued a statement in July urging other countries not to intervene or exacerbate the conflict in Libya, but any action over the sanctions violations reported by the U.N. experts is unlikely.
  • offensive: Seven months ago commander Khalifa Haf tar's Libyan National Army (LNA) launched an offensive against the internationally recognized Government of National Accord ( GNA) and its forces in Tripoli.
  • sanction: A report to the U.N. Security Council Libya sanctions committee, seen by Reuters on Monday, also accused Sudan and the head of Sudan's Rapid Support Forces ( RSF), Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo- known by his nickname Hemeti- of violating U.N. sanctions by deploying 1,000 Sudanese troops to Libya.
  • equipment: Both parties to the conflict received weapons, military equipment, technical support and non-Libyan fighters in non-compliance with the sanctions measures related to arms," the experts wrote.

Egypt opens jail after UN report on inmate Morsi's death

  • jail: Cairo (AFP)- Egyptian authorities Monday opened up Tora prison in Cairo for a media tour, following a UN report on the " brutal" conditions in which jailed ex-president Mohamed Morsi was held before his death.
  • pundit: On the media tour, abuse charges in Tora were dismissed by politicians and personalities that included for example retired ex-national football goalkeeper turned television pundit Ahmed Shobeir.
  • negligence: Rights groups have regularly accused Egyptian authorities of severe violations including torture, overcrowding and medical negligence in jails.

Turkey starts returning IS fighters, deports US national

  • reluctance: The move comes just over a week after the Turkish interior minister said Turkey was not a " hotel" for IS fighters and criticized Western nations for their reluctance to take back citizens who had joined the ranks of the extremist militant group as it sought to establish a " caliphate" in Iraq and Syria.
  • recapture: Turkish Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu said last week that about 1,200 foreign IS fighters were in Turkish prisons and 287 members, including women and children, were recaptured during Turkey's offensive in Syria.
  • offensive: Turkish Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu said last week that about 1,200 foreign IS fighters were in Turkish prisons and 287 members, including women and children, were recaptured during Turkey's offensive in Syria.
  • severely: In Denmark, Justice Minister Nick Hakkerup told Danish broadcaster TV2 that any Danish citizens who fought for IS and are repatriated to the country " must be punished as severely as possible.
  • offensive: While Turkey has quietly deported IS sympathizers for years, it raised the issue more forcefully after Western nations refused to back its invasion of northeastern Syria and its offensive against Syrian Kurdish fighters, whom Ankara considers terrorists linked to Kurdish insurgents fighting inside Turkey.

Russian historian found with body parts accused of murder

  • renowned: Russian prosecutors have accused a renowned historian of murder after he admitted shooting and then dismembering his student partner in St Petersburg.
  • knife: In court he admitted shooting Ms Yeshchenko four times with a sawn-off shotgun, then chopping up the body with a saw and kitchen knife.
  • postgraduate: He has written dozens of historical research papers, and Ms Yeshchenko, a postgraduate student, co-wrote some of them.
  • knife: In court he alleged that Ms Yeshchenko had attacked him with a knife- and at that point he shot her- during a blazing row.
  • postgraduate: Ms Yeshchenko moved to St Petersburg to study from Krasnodar region in southern Russia, and was a postgraduate student at the time of her death.

UN, top Iraq cleric urge 'serious' reforms after protests

  • overhaul: Mass rallies calling for an overhaul of the ruling system have rocked the capital Baghdad and the Shi ite-majority south since October 1-- the largest and deadliest popular movement in Iraq in decades.
  • halt: The bloody unrest has sparked serious concern from the UN, human rights groups and the White House, which on Sunday called on Baghdad" to halt the violence against protesters" and pass electoral reform.
  • paralysis: After weeks of paralysis, Iraq's top leaders seem to have agreed to keep the system intact, but the UN in Iraq ( UNAMI) urged them to enact a host of changes.
  • sermon: In his recent sermons, delivered by a representative, Sistani has described the protesters ' demands as " legitimate" and called for the rallies to be handled with " restraint".
  • port: They have cleared streets and squares in Baghdad, in the port hub of Basra and the southern city of Nasiriyah, where four protesters were shot dead on Sunday.

UN watchdog: Iran's violations of nuclear deal increasing

  • quarterly: The IAEA did not identify the site in the confidential quarterly report that was distributed to member states and seen by The Associated Press.
  • pact: Since the U.S. under President Donald Trump unilaterally pulled out of the Iran nuclear pact last year and imposed new sanctions, Iran's economy has been struggling.
  • outskirt: An IAEA meeting last week included discussions about an undeclared site on the outskirts of Tehran that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described to the U.N. in 2018 as a " secret atomic warehouse.
  • clandestine: They claimed there were " several other" similar clandestine nuclear facilities under the purview of Iran's Defense Ministry, not the country's civilian atomic energy agency.
  • explosive: However, the IAEA has said Iran" carried out activities relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device" in a " structured program" through the end of 2003.

Israel says Expo 2020 in Dubai is a bridge to Arab world

  • pavilion: Elazar Cohen presented plans for the Israeli pavilion at the world's largest exhibition, in which it aims to project its technologi cal, scientific and agricultural innovations to the 25 million visitors expected to descend upon the glitzy city-state.
  • alleviate: There is curiosity, mixed with concern, about this thing called Israel and we want to alleviate that concern," he said in a briefing at Israel's Foreign Ministry.
  • pavilion: His presentation, accompanied by a slick promotional video in English, Hebrew and Arabic, delivered by a prominent Arab -Israeli TV personality, comes a day after the Israeli government officially confirmed its participation in Expo 2020 and allotted a budget to its planned pavilion.
  • warm: Netanyahu frequently boasts of warming, behind-the-scenes ties with Gulf Arab countries, based on shared enmity for regional foe Iran.
  • enmity: Netanyahu frequently boasts of warming, behind-the-scenes ties with Gulf Arab countries, based on shared enmity for regional foe Iran.

Trump impeachment inquiry: a timeline of key events so far

  • solicit: Since then, House committees have been taking witness testimony about an alleged plot by Trump to use the power of his office to solicit interference from a foreign country, Ukraine, in the 2020 election.
  • suspension: Lt Col Alexander Vindman, top adviser on Ukraine on the National Security Council, is made aware of the suspension of military aid for Ukraine.
  • shock: At a dramatic White House meeting, Trump emissaries ask top Ukrainian officials to investigate Biden, shocking US national security officials.
  • suspension: High-level Ukrainian officials are made aware of the suspension of US military aid meant to help in their fight against Russian forces, according to a New York Times report.
  • deposition: The House votes on a resolution laying out a process to move impeachment from closed-door depositions to open hearings.

The Latest: UN: Man-made uranium found at site in Iran

  • quarterly: The IAEA did not identify the site in the confidential quarterly report distributed to member states and seen by The Associated Press on Monday.
  • quarterly: That's according to a confidential quarterly report that was distributed to member states and seen by The Associated Press on Monday.
  • quarterly: In a confidential quarterly report distributed to member states, the International Atomic Energy Agency said Iran's stockpile of low-enriched uranium still exceeds the amount allowed by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA..

The Hong Kong Police Gunshot That Unleashed a Day of Mayhem

  • abdomen: A traffic cop seeking to break up a rush-hour roadblock grabbed a masked protester in a headlock and shot another in the abdomen at close range.
  • circulate: The incident-- caught on video and widely circulated on social media-- added new fuel to criticism of police tactics already raging after a student died Friday from injuries suffered near a clash between cops and protesters.
  • circulate: Activists attempted to use the shooting to rally support for more protests on Tuesday, circulating flyers on social media featuring an image of a revolver and calling on people to disrupt traffic during the morning commute.
  • torture: Police have repeatedly reaffirmed their commitment to restraint, despite criticism from the United Nations, U.S. and U.K. lawmakers, and Amnesty International, which accused the force of torturing detained protesters.
  • noxious: Officers have accused protesters of splashing them with noxious fluids and exposing them and their families to threats by circulating their personal information online.

Bird of the Year: Rare anti-social penguin wins New Zealand poll

  • marred: There are no reports of voting irregularities this year after fixing scandals marred previous polls.
  • portly: A tall, portly penguin with a pale yellow band of feathers on its head, the hoiho stands around 65cm ( 25in) tall and weighs around 5kg ( 11 lb).
  • shriek: Although mostly silent, the birds do shriek in a high-pitched tone when they mate.
  • mate: Although mostly silent, the birds do shriek in a high-pitched tone when they mate.
  • portly: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption The hoiho is a tall, portly penguin with a pale yellow band of feathers on its head.

UK's Farage withdraws Brexit threat to PM Johnson

  • tycoon: Property tycoon Tice insisted he will not splinter the eurosceptic vote because the Tories" end up basically being a paper candidat e" in constituencies they have not won for years.
  • cook: Labour accused Farage and Johnson of cooking up an alliance that threatened to " sell out our country" and pave the way for a post-Brexit trade deal that would open the state-run health service to US drugs firms.
  • savage: We urge voters to reject this Thatcherite 1980s tribute act, which would lead to more savage Tory attacks on working class communitie s," said Labour chairman Ian Lavery.

Spanish elections: How the far-right Vox party found its footing

  • tonight: France's far-right leader Marine Le Pen tweeted (in French): " Strong and warm congratulations to my friends from Vox, who tonight in Spain scored a meaningful result for such a young and dynamic movement.
  • populous: The southern region of Andalusia- Spain's most populous- has high unemployment and is the main arrival point in Spain for migrants crossing the Mediterranean.
  • deride: Vox has been derided as far-right and populist, anti-immigrant and anti-Islam but its leader Santiago Abascal believes its recent surge of support is because it is " in step with what millions of Spaniards think ".
  • differentiate: Its overall support for Spain's membership of the EU, it says, differentiates it from many populist and far-right movements across Europe.

Bolivia crisis: Power vacuum follows Morales' resignation

  • defiant: On Monday, Mr Morales, Bolivia's first indigenous leader, struck a defiant note on Tw itter, saying that " the Bolivian people have never abandoned me and I will never abandon them ".
  • request: Mexican foreign minister Marcelo Ebrard said that events in Bolivia constituted " a coup because the army requested the resignation of the president, and that violates the constitutional order of that country ".
  • plaudits: He has won plaudits for fighting poverty and improving Bolivia's economy but drew controversy by defying constitutional term limits to run for a fourth term in October's election, which is alleged to have been rife with irregularities.
  • rife: He has won plaudits for fighting poverty and improving Bolivia's economy but drew controversy by defying constitutional term limits to run for a fourth term in October's election, which is alleged to have been rife with irregularities.
  • volatile: That is not entirely clear at this point, adding to the volatile nature of the situation.

Rohingya crisis: The Gambia accuses Myanmar of genocide at top UN court

  • injunction: In its filing, The Gambia asked the court to implement an injunction to make sure Myanmar immediately" stops atrocities and genocide against its own Rohingya people ".
  • census: Despite living in Myanmar for generations, they are not recognised as citizens or counted in the census.
  • interloper: Thy are often painted, including by government officials, as illegal immigrants and interlopers from Bangladesh.
  • rape: Clearance operations by security forces in response saw entire villages burned, and civilians attacked, raped and killed, UN investigators found.
  • demolish: Earlier this year, the BBC found evidence that entire Rohingya villages had been demolished and replaced by secure government facilities.

UN: Top Iraqi Shiite cleric backs reforms to resolve unrest

  • perpetrator: Hennis-Plasschaert said Sistani, who did not issue a separate statement, insisted there should be " zero" use of violence against peaceful protesters and that perpetrators "should be held to account without delay.
  • abduction: More immediate measures included the release of peaceful demonstrators detained since early October, an investigation into cases of abduction and punishing those found guilty of using excessive force against protesters.
  • contingent: Saleh said in late October that early elections would be held following the resignation of Prime Minister Adil Ab dul-Mah di, who in turn said his stepping down was contingent on political parties finding a suitable alternative for the premiership.

Turkey’s Digital Tax Will Inspire Others

  • marketplace: The tax, which is expected to be approved by parliament this week, will apply not only to electronic marketplaces like eBay and digital-advertising giants like Google and Facebook, but also to e-commerce platforms involved in the sale of digital goods and services, like Spotify and Netflix.
  • contemplate: The severity of the regulatory framework being contemplated is in many ways a by-product of the failure of multilateralism and its inability to redress the grievances of nations that perceive the system as being rigged against their economic interest.
  • redress: The severity of the regulatory framework being contemplated is in many ways a by-product of the failure of multilateralism and its inability to redress the grievances of nations that perceive the system as being rigged against their economic interest.
  • grapple: National governments have long grappled with the need to tax the digital behemoths.
  • behemoth: National governments have long grappled with the need to tax the digital behemoths.

Climate change: British Airways reviews 'fuel-tankering' over climate concerns

  • load: Yet BBC Panorama has seen dozens of internal BA documents that show up to six tonnes of extra fuel have been loaded onto planes in this way.
  • emit: The extra weight meant the plane emitted more than 600kg of additional carbon dioxide- the same emissions one person is responsible for on a return flight to New York.
  • emit: For such a big company to be trying to save such small amounts while emitting so much extra CO2 seems unjustifiable in the current climat e," he said.

Uber CEO calls Jamal Khashoggi murder 'serious mistake'

  • forgive: Pressed on Saudi links with Uber in a TV interview, Dara Khosrowshahi said: "People make mistakes, it doesn't mean they can never be forgiven.
  • pedestrian: He was referring to Uber's self-driving cars, one of which struck and killed a woman in 2018 when it " failed" to identify her as a pedestrian.
  • reprehensible: When it comes to Jamal Khashoggi, his murder was reprehensible and should not be forgotten or excused.
  • excuse: When it comes to Jamal Khashoggi, his murder was reprehensible and should not be forgotten or excused.
  • spate: Mr Kalanick, Uber's billionaire co-f o under, resigned after a spate of controversies at the firm.

10 things you need to know today: November 11, 2019

  • douse: Later, a pro-Beijing supporter was doused with liquid and set on fire.
  • liquid: Later, a pro-Beijing supporter was doused with liquid and set on fire.
  • waive: The National Parks Service is waiving entrance fees for the federal holiday.

Bolivian President Evo Morales Resigns After Army Tells Him to Go

  • plunge: Bolivia plunged into deeper chaos late Sunday with reports of fires and looting, as well as confusion over the succession after the three officials who were next in line to replace Morales also stepped down.
  • cling: While he presided over respectable economic growth under a socialist-light model, his desire to cling on to power after almost 14 years even after losing a referendum ultimately led to his downfall.
  • cede: Morales resigned just hours after ceding to pressure to hold new elections.

Iran underground lab boosts low-enriched uranium production

  • quarterly: The United Nations nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency, was expected to release a quarterly report about Iran's program on Monday.
  • slate: Under the deal, a United Nations-imposed arms embargo on Iran is slated to be lifted in October 2020, five years after the accord's adoption.
  • sanction: The website also notes that Qassem Soleimani, the sanctioned head of the paramilitary Revolutionary Guard's expeditionary Quds Force, would be able to travel freely abroad if the measure is allowed to expire.

57 countries sue Myanmar over reported genocide of Rohingya in historic lawsuit

  • raze: Over 700,000 Rohingya, a Muslim-majority ethnic minority, have fled Myanmar since a campaign by the country's military to push them out and raze their villages began in August 2017.
  • expel: According to a statement from the law firm Foley Hoag, which is assisting with the case, the suit bases that charge on the U.N.'s fact-finding mission released in August 2018 that found Myanmar's military had genocidal intent in its violent campaign to expel the Rohingya.
  • request: In July, the ICC chief prosecutor requested that the global body authorize an investigation into possible war crimes by Myanmar senior military and civilian officials, after the prosecutor's office's preliminary investigation said it had determined their actions met the legal conditions necessary.
  • diplomat: More recently, Yanghee Lee, a South Korean diplomat who serves as U.N. special envoy for Myanmar, said on Oct. 23 that Myanmar should face prosecution at the ICC and that conditions on the ground remain too dangerous for the nearly 1 million Rohingya refugees in neighboring Bangladesh.
  • arbitrary: Similarly, Amnesty International released a report in late October that included " fresh evidence that the Myanmar military is continuing to commit atrocities against ethnic minorities," including arbitrary arrest, detention and torture.

Latin American Politics Still a Military Affair

  • immense: In Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro has hung on in the face of immense international pressure, with the army behind him.
  • dispel: The unrest raised more questions about police methods to dispel anti-government demonstrations.
  • restrain: As Steven T. Dennis reports, transcripts released by House impeachment investigators offer no evidence that Acting Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney or Secretary of State Michael Pompeo tried to restrain Trump, highlighting his preference for advisers who don't question him.
  • tomorrow: European Union foreign ministers meet in Brussels today and tomorrow to discuss Syria, Afghanistan and Iran.
  • cede: Yet the U.K. insists it is not ceding control any time soon.

Imelda Marcos Is Here to Teach Us How Wannabe Autocrats Like Trump Really Think

  • sick: Imelda and her husband Ferdinand Marcos had been ousted from power five years earlier by a popular uprising in the Philippines where people had grown sick of their corruption and brutality.
  • powerless: Trump was a loud-mouthed but ultimately powerless New York real estate mogul.
  • extrajudicial: Ferdinand died in 1989, but in recent years, the family secretly helped to fund the rise of Duterte, a notorious homophobe and rape apologist who has bragged of executing drug-dealers in thousands of extrajudicial street killings.
  • congratulate: Trump is one of the few world leaders to have spoken warmly of Duterte and reportedly congratulated him on his approach to the drug trade.
  • glimpse: Her new film offers a glimpse of the distorted inner monologue of a politician driven by autocratic tendencies.

Kenya census: Why counting people can be controversial

  • census: Kenya census: Why counting people can be controversial- BBC News.
  • census: Kenya's population census figures have been released, causing controversy among some groups who feel the results are not fair or accurate.
  • census: The government has yet to release all the data on the ethnic composition of the country, but the changes in population in certain regions from this latest census have already caused arguments.
  • embolden: The outcome of such surveys can embolden or weaken claims made by groups for political representation or resources.
  • border: In one area of the north-east territories bordering Ethiopia and Somalia, the census indicates a decrease in the population, prompting local political leaders looking to retain funding for their provinces to question the veracity of the survey.

The reigning queen of American reality TV

  • vie: While many people outside of the US may not be aware of her, the two shows often vie with each other to be the top-rated cable television programme on the day they go out.
  • amass: She and her husband have amassed their fortune over the past 37 years.
  • akin: Madeline Berg, a media writer at Forbes magazine who follows the fortunes of reality TV stars, says this is a fusion of entertainment and commerce akin to the Disney theme parks.
  • swim: If I 'm suddenly going to say 'oh look, here I am, and I 'm developing a swimming pool cleaner ', everyone's going to say it's rubbish.
  • hospitality: You must always put a smile on your face in the hospitality industry, you must always be kind and generous," she says.

The Iranian opposition fighters who mustn't think about sex

  • languish: Now, dozens languish in the Albanian capital, Tirana, unable to return to Iran or get on with their lives.
  • abscond: He is 60, and absconded two years ago from the ME K's military-style encampment outside Tirana.
  • comrade: Now he scrapes by in the city, full of regrets and accused by his former Mujahideen comrades of spying for their sworn enemy, the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  • citadel: Neighbouring Iraq offered sanct uary, and from their desert citadel during the Iran/Iraq war ( 1980-1988), the MEK fought on the side of Saddam Hussein against their homeland.
  • perilous: In 2003, the allied invasion of Iraq made life perilous for the ME K..

Pakistan pollution: Teens fight to save Lahore from toxic air

  • intensive: When Nariman Qureshi returned to her home in Lahore after a week-long work trip in early November, she discovered her five-year-old daughter Anya had spent two nights in intensive care.
  • fog: Image copyright AFP Image caption In January, the early morning fog mixed with pollution to create a toxic smog over Lahore.
  • menace: Air pollution in Punjab, and Lahore in particular, has long been a menace to citizens and the government has don little in response.

Sesame Street at 50: Five defining moments

  • episode: Sesame Street has produced nearly 5,000 episodes, won 193 Emmy awards, and now broadcasts in 150 different countries.
  • award: Sesame Street has produced nearly 5,000 episodes, won 193 Emmy awards, and now broadcasts in 150 different countries.
  • engender: Harvard Education Professor Joe Blatt, who was a consultant on the show, says the concept of using TV- which was then thought to engender only laziness and bad habits in children- was a " brilliant and kind of daring and exciting move" for 1969.
  • script: The script had been tested on children before airing, Prof Blatt tells the BBC, to ensure they understood the message.
  • mix: TV producers" bring the Sesame model, this mix of curriculum and research, to a country, and develop a new series with authentic goals relevant to the local country," explains Prof Blatt.

Mexico ambush: How a US Mormon family ended up dead

  • ambush: Mexico ambush: How a US Mormon family ended up dead- BBC News.
  • ambush: Mexico ambush: How a US Mormon family ended up dead.
  • ambush: Nine members of a Mormon community in northern Mexico died in an ambush by gunmen while travelling from their home on the La Mora ranch to a nearby settlement.
  • ambush: Their grandfather filmed the aftermath of the cartel ambush with his mobile phone" for the record" as he put it, his voice cracking.
  • solace: Perhaps the only solace for this tight-knit Mormon community exists in the knowledge that the children who died were with their mothers- a family united to their untimely, violent end.

Chile protests: Concerns grow over human rights abuses

  • rubber: He's at the eye hospital getting treatment after he was hit six times by rubber bullets- one of them blinded him.
  • prevalence: The level of prevalence of use of force is so clear," says Amnesty's Cesar Marin of the tactical campaign and crisis response team.
  • quell: A few days after Chile brought in the state of emergency to quell last month's violent protests, Cesar went for a drive.
  • blind: He's at the eye hospital getting treatment after he was hit six times by rubber bullets- one of them blinded him.
  • lying: The president's lying," he says of Mr Pinera's justification that he's protecting Chileans from the violent protesters.

The cheap sensor detecting landslides in India

  • velocity: An accelerometer is a type of motion sensor which measures changes in velocity.
  • instantaneous: Due to the early warnings from small movements, detecting a landslide is easier than trying to detect an earthquake, which is more instantaneous with a very small warning corridor.
  • frequency: Authorities say the frequency of landslides in Himachal Pradesh is due to its mountainous terrain and the instability of the Himalayas, which is a relatively young mountain range.
  • mountainous: Authorities say the frequency of landslides in Himachal Pradesh is due to its mountainous terrain and the instability of the Himalayas, which is a relatively young mountain range.
  • emit: The device measures all these movements, and when it detects a significant displacement of earth which could result in a landslide, it emits loud noises and sends text messages to officials so that they can evacuate and stop vehicular movement to and around the area.

Adèle Haenel MeToo moment shocks French cinema

  • irksome: I did not see that my adulation for her, and the hopes I placed in her, might- given her young age- come across at times as irksome.
  • pardon: I ask her pardon," he said in a statement.
  • adulation: I did not see that my adulation for her, and the hopes I placed in her, might- given her young age- come across at times as irksome.
  • incomparable: Adele, your courage is a gift of incomparable generosity.....

'I was kidnapped and now only travel by train'

  • commuter: To avoid Nigeria's notorious kidnapping gangs thousands of commuters pack on to trains each day between the capital, Abuja, and the city of Kaduna.
  • carriage: When I joined 600 passengers on the 09:45 from Abuja, more than 50 were standing in my carriage.
  • divergent: A cosmopolitan city, Kaduna is very different to Abuja, bristling with divergent interests, but with simmering tensions over ethnic, political and religious issues.
  • brave: Image copyright Nigeria Police Image caption The Abuja-Kaduna highway is now travelled by only a brave few.
  • ordeal: Image caption Manir Awal Addo refuses to travel by road after his kidnapping ordeal.

Iran's network of influence in Mid-East 'growing'

  • bulwark: Prior to that event, the Gulf Arab states saw Sunni Arab-ruled Iraq as something of a bulwark against any Iranian expansionism.
  • caption: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Iran's Islamic Revolution Guard Corps ( IRGC) is estimated to have more than 150,000 active personnel.
  • export: Starting with Hezbollah in Lebanon, the Islamic Republic has been seeking to export its revolutionary ideology and expand its influence beyond its borders ever since the return of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to Tehran in 1979.
  • external: The key ingredient here has been the Quds Force, the external operations wing of the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps ( IRGC).
  • caption: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption The Popular Mobilisation Units ( PMU) fought alongside Iraqi forces against the Islamic State group.

The shareholders fighting to make oil firms greener

  • marine: He implored them to back a resolution, brought by a small group of investors, to stop Equinor's plans to drill for oil in the Great Australian Bight- a stretch of coastline in South Australia said to be one of the most unspoiled marine environments in the world.
  • marine: Image copyright Brad Leue Image caption The Bight is one of the most unspoiled marine environments in the world.
  • frontier: The motion called on the company to stop oil-and-gas exploration and production in " frontier" and " pristine" environments that would include the Bight.
  • pristine: The motion called on the company to stop oil-and-gas exploration and production in " frontier" and " pristine" environments that would include the Bight.
  • inconsistent: They can also convince firms to stop lobbying that is " inconsistent" with the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement, which aims to reduce the risks and impacts of climate change globally.

Head of UN Palestinian agency resigns amid ethics probe

  • allege: An internal ethics report has alleged mismanagement and abuses of authority at the highest levels of the UN agency, which has also faced a financial crisis after the United States suspended and later cut all its funding for it in 2018.
  • suspend: An internal ethics report has alleged mismanagement and abuses of authority at the highest levels of the UN agency, which has also faced a financial crisis after the United States suspended and later cut all its funding for it in 2018.
  • headquarters: According to a separate statement from UN headquarters, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said preliminary findings revealed no " fraud or misappropriation of operational funds" by Krahenbuhl.
  • dissent: According to the confidential report, the allegations include senior management engaging in " sex ual misconduct, nepotism, retaliation, discrimination and other abuses of authority, for personal gain, to suppress legitimate dissent, and to otherwise achieve their personal objectives.
  • allege: Krahenbuhl himself was alleged to have been romantically involved with a colleague appointed in 2015 to a newly created role of senior adviser after an " extreme fast-track" process, the report says.