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Ethiopia passes gun control law to tackle surge in violence

  • confiscate: In October security forces confiscated a further 2,221 handguns and 71 Kalashnikov assault rifles in Gonder in the Amhara region, one of the areas particularly affected by ethnic strife, domestic media said.
  • praise: Abiy, who came to power in 2018, has implemented sweeping liberal reforms which have won him international praise but also lifted the lid on long-repressed tensions between the country's many ethnic groups.
  • stipulate: The new law provides for each region to stipulate a legal age for gun ownership, Tesfaye said, while limiting the number of firearms an individual can own to one.
  • ban: It will also ban private trade in weaponry and allow only allowing certain government institutions to import guns.
  • resort: More Ethiopians have resorted to arming themselves due to the volatile political situation and a " perception of weakening law enforcemen t ", according to William Davidson, an analyst at the Brussel s-based International Crisis Group think tank.

Losing Iowa Isn’t an Option for Bernie Sanders

  • caucus: For weeks, a polling famine has left few clues into who could capture enough fire to win the Iowa caucus.
  • trio: The high production value Democratic debates, set to descend on Des Moines next Tuesday, have done little to tip the scales eithe r: the same leading trio have qualified to compete on stage for the seventh time, as they have during each prior televised event.
  • aspirant: On Tuesday morning, he published an op-ed in the Des Moines Register, the influential paper whose endorsement several presidential aspirants are courting, seeking to draw sharper distinctions with his rivals on health care and other progressive issues.
  • caucus: In the latest CBS/YouGov poll, Sanders is tied with Biden and Buttigieg at 23 percent, with each hypothetically securing a similar number of delegates out of the caucuses, the survey indicates.
  • calculus: Then, when little-known freshman senator Barack Obama won the Iowa cau cus, the electoral calculus realigned in his favor, with a significant population of voters in South Carolina voting to elect the first black president.

Ugandan officers intercept ‘baby' full of contraband

  • porous: Tonnes of banned skin-lightening products get into Uganda every year, mostly through porous points along the border with DR Congo.
  • ingenuity: Mr Kateshumbwa was clearly delighted with the ingenuity of this latest smuggling attempt at the Mpondwe border post as he tweeted three photos of baby " dummy" stuffed with illegal cosmetic s:.
  • cosmetic: Mr Kateshumbwa was clearly delighted with the ingenuity of this latest smuggling attempt at the Mpondwe border post as he tweeted three photos of baby " dummy" stuffed with illegal cosmetic s:.

In rebuke to Lebanese leaders, U.N. says "irresponsible" to leave country without governme...

  • irresponsible: In rebuke to Lebanese leaders, U.N. says " irresponsible" to leave country without government.
  • irresponsible: BEIRUT (Reuters)- Keeping Lebanon without a government is " increasingly irresponsible ", a senior U.N. official said on Wednesday, in tough criticism of Lebanese leaders as their country sinks deeper into crisis without a rescue plan.
  • irresponsible: Given the situation and developments in the country and the region it is increasingly irresponsible to keep Lebanon without an effective and credible government," U.N. Special Coordinator for Lebanon Jan Kubis said in a Twitter post.

Commercial airlines reroute flights amid US-Iran tensions

  • indefinitely: Air France and Dutch carrier KLM both said Wednesday that they had suspended all flights over Iranian and Iraqi airspace indefinitely.
  • barring: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration said it was barring American pilots and carriers from flying in areas of Iraqi, Iranian and some Persian Gulf airs pace.
  • load: The handful of companies represents a small fraction of the 339 ship owners his company tracks that have loaded cargoes in the Persian Gulf, he said.

US in East Africa: Is it still a safe haven for al-Shabab?

  • deteriorate: So, is the situation deteriorating, and what impact is US military involvement having?
  • precision: Encouraged and supported by the government of Somalia, precision airstrikes support our partner security forces ' efforts to protect the Somali people from terrorism," a spokesperson for the US military in Africa told the BBC.
  • sheer: Analysts say that civil society, previously generally supportive of airstrikes, has been strained by the sheer frequency of attacks that are now taking place.
  • frequency: Analysts say that civil society, previously generally supportive of airstrikes, has been strained by the sheer frequency of attacks that are now taking place.
  • loyal: There have been few attacks in the north of the country, although to the north-east, some groups loyal to the so-called Islamic State are active.

The Canada Premier League wants to help develop African talent

  • fledgling: The commissioner of the fledgling Canadian Premier League ( CPL), David Cla nachan, believes young African talent can give their careers a boost by playing in the country's top-flight.
  • hone: We see an opportunity for young players, especially international young players to come in, and be able to get first team minutes and lots of first team minutes in order to be able to, you know, develop and hone their skills.
  • aggregate: Forge FC, based in the city of Hamilton, beat Calgary-based Cavalry FC 2-0 on aggregate to become the first Canadian Premier League champions ( Photo: Canadian Premier League and Lucas Kschischang).

Thousands of Google cafeteria staff have unionized, and it's the latest group of Google's &#...

  • hospitality: The cafeteria workers are organizing through Unite Here, which represents food service and hospitality workers, according to Rec ode.
  • ode: The cafeteria workers are organizing through Unite Here, which represents food service and hospitality workers, according to Rec ode.
  • sparse: Labor organizing efforts have been relatively sparse in Silicon Valley, primarily driven by contractors who don't receive the lux benefits tech companies offer to full-time employees.

Exclusive: Hong Kongers support protester demands; minority wants independence from China - Reuters ...

  • plurality: The results of the survey, involving 1,021 people and conducted from Dec. 17-20, also showed a large plurality of respondents mainly blamed the Hong Kong government for the crisis, the worst civil unrest to hit the city in decades, rather than the central government in Beijing.
  • extradite: The protests erupted following an attempt by the Hong Kong government to introduce a bill that would have allowed criminal suspects to be extradited to mainland China for trial in courts that are controlled by the Communist Party.
  • denunciation: The poll conducted for Reuters also shows little public support for the denunciations of China by hardline protesters, some of whom have called for independence for Hong Kong or scrapping the " one country, two systems " model.
  • incense: Many protesters say they are incensed by what they see as an abuse of power by the police in dealing with the unrest.
  • revert: Since Hong Kong reverted from British to Chinese rule in 1997, many people in the city of 7.5 million have become increasingly angered by what they see as efforts by China to undermine the city's autonomy and roll back freedoms.

Africa's year in pictures 2019

  • mythology: Zulu mythology has it that if a woman is not a vir gin, the reed will break, embarrassing her in public.
  • embarrass: Zulu mythology has it that if a woman is not a vir gin, the reed will break, embarrassing her in public.
  • appease: In south-western Nigeria, tens of thousands of animists, mainly from the Yoruba ethnic group, attended in August what organisers say is a 600-year-old festival to appease Osun, the goddess of fertility.
  • smooth: In the Democratic Republic of Congo's capital, Kinshasa, people climbed trees to watch opposition leader Felix Tshisekedi's presidential inauguration in January, following the first smooth transfer of power in the country's troubled history.
  • mourn: In September, Zimbabweans mourned their first post-independence leader, Robert Mugabe, who died aged 95.

UK and US considered Nigeria naval blockade over Saro-Wiwa execution

  • fraudulent: The UK's then Prime Minister, John Major, called it a " fraudulent trial" and described the executions as " judicial murder ".
  • reliant: Such steps would result in " wrecking Nigeria's econom y" as it was heavily reliant on oil exports.
  • clemency: There had been pleas from across the world for Nigeria's military leader at the time, Sani Abacha, to exercise clemency, but Western governments had struggled to reach the leader.
  • wholly: Mr Clinton's special envoy to Nigeria, Donald T McHenry, had been unable to see Abacha and concluded that he was " almost wholly insulated from the outside world" and" information was filtered by sycophants: they had no idea of genuine opinion within Nigeria or internationally ".
  • insulate: Mr Clinton's special envoy to Nigeria, Donald T McHenry, had been unable to see Abacha and concluded that he was " almost wholly insulated from the outside world" and" information was filtered by sycophants: they had no idea of genuine opinion within Nigeria or internationally ".

Michael Essien's African team of the decade

  • prowess: Essien's prowess began to dwindle just at the turn of the decade with injuries taking their toll but he was still important for Ghana as they qualified for the World Cup in 2014 and- he insists he deserves a place in his team of the decad e!
  • assist: From his days at Salzburg through to Southampton and Liverpool- plus his performances for the national team- he has scored more than 150 career goals with more than 60 assists.
  • reign: He is also the reigning Caf footballer of the year having retained the crown in 2019.

Notable African deaths of 2019

  • archipelago: He seized power in a coup in 1977- the year after independence from the UK- and ruled the Indian Ocean archipelago for 27 years.
  • prolific: A prolific and internationally celebrated novelist and poet, he twice won the Commonwealth Writers ' Prize of Best Book in Africa- in 1988 and a decade later.
  • pioneer: Also known as " Katanda", the rapper is regarded as one of the pioneers of hip-hop music in Kenya, first rising to fame through street rap battles.
  • prowess: His lyrical prowess and masterful delivery made him a huge favourite in the early 2000s.
  • acclaim: Seen as one of the founding fathers of African cinema, he first won critical acclaim with his 1967 film Soleil O. It is about a young African migrant in Paris, exposing pervasive racism in France.

Letter from Africa: In search of Zambia's glam rockers

  • fuse: Musicians in Lusaka and the Copperbelt fused traditional African sounds with psychedelic rock and funk, drawing inspiration from 1970s superstars such as Jimi Hendrix, The Eagles and James Brown.
  • glorious: Now decades on, I wanted to see if there were any remnants of this glorious era still visible in Zambia- any echoes of this short-lived creative boom.
  • recapture: Outside Zambia there have been attempts to recapture this era with record labels such Now-Again Records reissuing some of the finest Zamrock albums of the era such as those by Amanaz and Witch.
  • akin: Listening to them that evening in the unlikely setting of the Alliance Francaise- and hearing the passion with which they played their guitars and drums- it was akin to time travel.

Illinois wants to get rolling on weed sales, but some say only white men are set to profit

  • homogeneous: For the past five years, Illinois has had a homogeneous cannabis industry, and it takes a tremendous amount of effort and diligence to turn it around in a constitutional way.
  • diligence: For the past five years, Illinois has had a homogeneous cannabis industry, and it takes a tremendous amount of effort and diligence to turn it around in a constitutional way.
  • vacate: State Rep. Kelly Cassidy and Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker look on as Cook County State's Attorney Kim Foxx speaks during a press conference in Chicago after Foxx filed motions to vacate more than 1,000 low-level cannabis convictions, Wednesday, Dec. 11, 2019.
  • glimmer: We just want to be that glimmer of hope that it can be done.

Iowa woman admits she hit 14-year-old with SUV because the girl 'is Mexican'

  • superintendent: West Des Moines Community Schools superintendent Lisa Remy released a statement Friday that counselors, teachers and administrators are on hand to support all students today and in the months to come.
  • slur: Less than an hour after the girl was struck, police at 5:15 p.m. were called to a Conoco gas station in West Des Moines for a woman creating a disturbance and using racial slurs, court records show.
  • slur: He wasn't working the day of Franklin's arrest but said surveillance footage showed Franklin targeting his brother with racial slurs.

'No cheers for George Weah' this Christmas

  • queue: Sometimes, they get a little, at other times they leave empty-handed, returning the next day to queue again.
  • facade: Some shop-owners have tried to keep up the facade that they are still in business by putting up notices that they are closed for " stock-taking", even though their shelves are empty and their doors are unlikely to ever re-open.
  • readjust: So it is going to take some time for the economy to readjust," Mr Tweah added.
  • jubilation: His announcement was greeted with some relief, but there is still little sign of jubilation or a last-minute rush to buy Christmas trees or gifts.

U.S. lawmakers at impasse over Trump's impeachment trial in Senate

  • solemn: H ypocritical to argue this is a solemn constitutional duty and POTUS is an imminent threat to democracy and then sit on the articles.
  • fool: No one is fooled," Senator John Cornyn, the No. 2 Republican in the Senate, said on Twitter.
  • evangelist: Christianity Today, a magazine founded by the late U.S. evangelist Reverend Billy Graham, called on Thursday for Trump's removal from office in an editorial that branded the effort to get Ukraine to probe Biden as " profoundly immoral.
  • immoral: Christianity Today, a magazine founded by the late U.S. evangelist Reverend Billy Graham, called on Thursday for Trump's removal from office in an editorial that branded the effort to get Ukraine to probe Biden as " profoundly immoral.

Premier League's iconic player of the decade: Who is yours?

  • cameo: Sergio Aguero scored twice in a 30-minute cameo on his Manchester City debut against Swansea.
  • penultimate: Among his many highlights was a decisive 25-yard thunderbolt against Leicester in his and City's penultimate league game last season, which helped Pep Guardiola's side to become the first side since 2009 to successfully defend their league title.
  • assist: He bowed out with one final season at boyhood club Everton in 2017-18, before leaving the English top flight for Major League Soccer in the United States after 208 goals and 103 assists in 491 appearances.
  • diminutive: The diminutive playmaker has 89 assists in the top flight- the most this decade- 27 more than Christian Eriksen who has the second most.
  • assist: The diminutive playmaker has 89 assists in the top flight- the most this decade- 27 more than Christian Eriksen who has the second most.

Africa's week in pictures: 13 - 19 December 2019

  • brotherhood: Image copyright AFP Image caption On the same day, Gnawa performers in the Moroccan city of Essaouira celebrate the tradition's newly minted Unesco heritage status... Image copyright AFP Image caption It says Gnawa is primarily " a Sufi brotherhood music combined with lyrics with a generally religious content, invoking ancestors and spirits ".
  • shelter: Image copyright AFP Image caption In central Somalia on the same day, 74-year-old Omar Dule is among those sheltering at a UN camp after losing his home to floods that have hit thousands of people in East Africa.
  • pageant: Image copyright AFP Image caption On Friday, candidates for the Miss Indoni cultural pageant title wait backstage in Durban, South Africa... Image copyright AFP Image caption The annual Indoni Cultural Festival brings together cultural groups from South Africa's many provinces.
  • fan: Image copyright AFP Image caption At the Rugby World Sevens series in Cape Town on Saturday, a fan sports the South African flag-print swimming trunks that were popularised by player Faf de Klerk after the country's World Cup win last month.

In hostile Sahel, French troops battle an elusive foe

  • prime: Soldiers peering through night-vision goggles attached to their helmets man the camp perimeter, assault rifles primed.
  • respite: Every night, the soldiers draw the vehicles into formation and pitch the makeshift camp that allows them a brief moment of respite after punishingly long days.
  • corporal: Romain, a corporal who like Captain Jean-Baptiste only gave his first name in line with military procedure, hangs a pocket mirror on his armoured vehicle and lathered his face with shaving foam.
  • sergeant: We observe, we look for clues, we look for lights, we check to see we are not being observed," said Martin, a sergeant.
  • corporal: We are always on the lookout here," said Romain, the corporal.

Pakistan ex-leader Musharraf slams 'vendetta' after death sentence

  • treason: Exiled former Pakistan military leader Pervez Musharraf has dismissed the unprecedented treason conviction and death sentence handed to him earlier this week as the result of a " personal vendetta ".
  • vendetta: Exiled former Pakistan military leader Pervez Musharraf has dismissed the unprecedented treason conviction and death sentence handed to him earlier this week as the result of a " personal vendetta ".
  • apprehend: Musharraf's criticism of the verdict came as the release of the court's detailed verdict sparked controversy, with one judge calling for the former general's " corpse" to be publicly hanged if he died before being apprehended.
  • treason: The decision, announced on Tuesday by a special court, marked the first time a former leader of the armed forces has been convicted of treason and sentenced to death in Pakistan, where the military wields enormous power and has ruled the country for roughly half its history.
  • vendetta: This case was taken up and proceeded due to a personal vendetta by some people against me," said Musharraf in a video statement released by his assistant on Wednesday.

Tanzania journalist Erick Kabendera to spend Christmas in jail

  • evasion: Mr Kabdendera, detained since July, has been charged with money laundering, tax evasion and leading organised crime.
  • evidence: Shortly after Mr Kabendera's arrest, the US and UK embassies in Tanzania said they were " concerned about the steady erosion of due process in Tanzania, as evidenced by the ever more frequent resort to lengthy pre-trial detentions and shifting charges by its justice system ".
  • harass: Amnesty International's East Africa director, Joan Nyanyuki, called his detention" an assault on press freedom and further underlines the rising repression of journalists and perceived government critics in Tanzania, where people have been killed, physically assaulted, threatened, harassed or abducted for expressing their views ".
  • abduct: Amnesty International's East Africa director, Joan Nyanyuki, called his detention" an assault on press freedom and further underlines the rising repression of journalists and perceived government critics in Tanzania, where people have been killed, physically assaulted, threatened, harassed or abducted for expressing their views ".
  • forgive: Last week, Mr Kabendera's mother, Verdiana Mjwahuzi, was shown in tears talking to journalists and pleading with President Magufuli to forgive her son and allow him to go free.

Reinhard Bonnke: The man who changed the face of Christianity in Africa

  • evangelist: German-born evangelist Reinhard Bonnke, who attracted massive crowds in Africa during decades of preaching, is being mourned by millions of Christians across the continent following his death aged 79.
  • mourn: German-born evangelist Reinhard Bonnke, who attracted massive crowds in Africa during decades of preaching, is being mourned by millions of Christians across the continent following his death aged 79.
  • crusade: With comparisons ranging from British " Prince of Preachers" Charles Spurgeon to American televangelist Billy Graham, Bonnke's status as the father of modern-day crusade preaching and healing in Africa is not in dispute.
  • continent: Across the continent, huge week-long church rallies are now commonplace, characterised by mass mobilisation, big tents, colourful podiums, sophisticated public address systems, local language translators and, in some instances, evangelists who mimic Bonnke's oratory and stage antics, including how he firmly gripped microphones.
  • translator: Across the continent, huge week-long church rallies are now commonplace, characterised by mass mobilisation, big tents, colourful podiums, sophisticated public address systems, local language translators and, in some instances, evangelists who mimic Bonnke's oratory and stage antics, including how he firmly gripped microphones.

Letter from Africa: How talk of witches stirs emotions in Nigeria

  • witchcraft: All hell broke loose when the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, announced last month that it would hold a conference on " witchcraft'' at its campus in the south-east.
  • female: Every ethnic group in Nigeria has a name for females and males who are believed to openly or secretly collaborate with dark forces to invoke harm upon others.
  • entrench: So entrenched is the belief in, and abhorrence of, witchcraft that a section of the Nigerian criminal code, originally introduced under British colonial rule, still forbids its practice, and it is punishable by a jail term.
  • abhorrence: So entrenched is the belief in, and abhorrence of, witchcraft that a section of the Nigerian criminal code, originally introduced under British colonial rule, still forbids its practice, and it is punishable by a jail term.
  • witchcraft: So entrenched is the belief in, and abhorrence of, witchcraft that a section of the Nigerian criminal code, originally introduced under British colonial rule, still forbids its practice, and it is punishable by a jail term.

Top tech firms sued over DR Congo cobalt mining deaths

  • beset: However, the extraction process has been beset with concerns of illegal mining, human rights abuses and corruption.
  • compulsory: Glencore said in a statement to the UK's Telegraph newspaper that it " does not purchase, process or trade any artisanally mined ore" adding that it also" does not tolerate any form of child, forced, or compulsory labour.
  • negligent: The 14 Congolese families want the companies to compensate them for forced labour, emotional distress and negligent supervision.

Wilfred Bungei: Ex-Olympic champion hopes his battle with alcoholism will inspire others

  • alcoholism: Wilfred Bungei: Ex-Olympic champion hopes his battle with alcoholism will inspire others- BBC Sport.
  • alcoholism: Wilfred Bungei: Ex-Olympic champion hopes his battle with alcoholism will inspire others.
  • alcoholism: He had been consumed by the demons of alcoholism that had ravaged his retirement.
  • pinnacle: Having started out as a junior athlete in 1998, Bungei's career reached its pinnacle as he captained Kenya's team at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, winning the 800m title.
  • plenty: There have been plenty of murmurings about a drinking culture within sections of Kenya's athletics ' community, yet Bungei says that some of those affected are in denial about their problems.