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Diesel scrutiny shifts to London's building sites

  • kilowatt: Molden said tests of an 8 kilowatt generator, smaller than many on construction sites, found it emitted roughly six times more nitrogen dioxide than the average London bus and 15 times more particulate matter per unit of work done.
  • soot: Separate KCL research has concluded that nitrogen oxides and particulate matter, or soot, from diesel cause around 9,500 premature deaths annually in London.
  • soot: Much of the pollution is from traffic, but construction site machinery accounts for an estimated 12 percent of soot and 15 percent of nitrogen oxides pollution in London, city authorities say.
  • innovate: One of Britain's biggest firms hiring out diesel generators is Speedy, which is providing machinery for the research and itself seeking to innovate.
  • levy: London's new mayor Sadiq Khan has made a priority of reducing pollution in the city of around 8.6 million people and has proposed levying an extra charge on the most polluting vehicles entering the center of town.

Colombia embarks on path to peace with historic accord

  • rampart: It was one of many symbolic gestures during the 90-minute ceremony overlooking the colonial ramparts of Cartagena that filled Colombians with hope and optimism for the arduous work ahead implementing a 297-page accord that took four grueling years to negotiate.
  • arduous: It was one of many symbolic gestures during the 90-minute ceremony overlooking the colonial ramparts of Cartagena that filled Colombians with hope and optimism for the arduous work ahead implementing a 297-page accord that took four grueling years to negotiate.
  • alias: Londono, best known by his alias Timochenko, called Santos " a courageous partner" and proclaimed there was no turning back on the FARC's decision to abandon Colombia's jungles.
  • emphatic: Santos, who for years was the FARC's top military opponent, was equally emphatic that he would honor his promise to promote pluralism and open up Colombia's traditionally elite-driven political system.
  • cheer: The signing was greeted with wild cheers followed by calls for Timochenko to be president from about 1,000 FARC rebels in the Yari Plains, a remote area of southern Colombia where the group recently concluded its last congress as a guerrilla army by endorsing the deal.

Colombia, FARC sign historic peace deal ending long conflict

  • leniency: That has angered some victims and conservative opponents of Santos, a few hundred of whom took to the streets Monday to protest what they consider the government's excessive leniency toward guerrilla leaders responsible for atrocities in a conflict fueled by the cocaine trade.
  • rampart: It was one of many symbolic gestures that filled the 90-minute ceremony held at sunset overlooking the historic ramparts of Cartagena, nicknamed the " Heroic City" for its prominent role in Colombia's battle for independence from Spain.
  • reparation: Under terms of the accord, rebels who lay down their weapons and confess their abuses will be spared jail time and be allowed to provide reparations to their victims by carrying out development work in areas hard hit by the conflict.
  • shout: Many in the audience had tears in their eyes, and shouts rose urging Santos and Londono to " Hug, hug, hug!
  • alias: Londono, best known by his alias Timochenko, called Santos " a courageous partner" and hailed the accord as not only a victory for Colombia but an example to war-ravaged Syria and the Palestinians and Israelis of what can be achieved through dialogue.

Poachers Target Rare Bird's 'Ivory' Beak in Southeast Asia

  • shriek: The call of the helmeted hornbill is an intermittent, honking sound that slowly builds in tempo until it ends in what resembles, for some listeners, shrieks of laughter.
  • tinge: It has a red tinge is softer than elephant ivory, making it an attractive material for carvers who have fashioned belt buckles, snuff boxes, pendants and images of Chinese deities from it over many centuries.
  • pendant: It has a red tinge is softer than elephant ivory, making it an attractive material for carvers who have fashioned belt buckles, snuff boxes, pendants and images of Chinese deities from it over many centuries.

Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi: The vandal of Timbuktu

  • mausoleum: Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi has pleaded guilty to destroying nine mausoleums and a mosque in Timbuktu, Mali, in the first case concerning damage to cultural artefacts to be heard at the International Criminal Court ( ICC).
  • goad: This is the environment from which Mr al-Mahdi emerged: Pastoral communities drained by drought, corruption and political marginalisation, goaded by the prospect of empowerment.
  • mausoleum: These included the 16th Century mausoleum of Sidi Mahmoud, who was the rector of Timbuktu's world-famous Sankore University, and the shrine of Sidi Ahmed ar-Raqqad, who wrote a book on traditional pharmacology in the 17th Century and is credited with conjuring a spring that flowed until 1948.

Kerry defends diplomacy as Russian-backed forces pound Aleppo

  • overture: The secretary of state's diplomatic overtures to Moscow had faced scepticism, including from other senior officials within the U.S. administration.
  • onslaught: Hundreds of people, including dozens of children, have been reported killed since Thursday night by an onslaught that includes bunker-busting bombs that bring down whole buildings.
  • intrepid: He lashed back at critics, including Republican senator John McCain, who described him last week as " intrepid but delusional" for putting too much faith in Russia.
  • ferocity: The Syrian government offensive to recapture all of Aleppo, with Russian air support and Iranian help on the ground, has been accompanied by bombing that residents describe as unprecedented in its ferocity.
  • impassable: Rescue efforts during the bombing have been hampered because damage has made roads impassable and because civil defense centers and rescue equipment have themselves been struck.

Weapons used in Aleppo are devastating for civilians

  • incendiary: It is not clear exactly what armaments have been deployed but UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon cited reports of incendiary weapons and bunker buster bombs, while barrel bombs and cluster munitions have also been used previously in Syria.
  • collateral: The high level of explosive and blast effects caused by these munitions would have a devastating effect on a built-up area with collateral damage being almost unavoidable.
  • incendiary: Stephen Rapp, former US ambassador for war crimes, said " any incendiary devices are not going to be in a situation where they can distinguish between ( military targets and civilians).

Youth has final word as Milan Fashion Week wraps up

  • votive: For his latest collection, Caballero created satin dresses with silk prints inspired by Mexican tiles and decorated with embroidered images of votive offerings.
  • chiffon: Riccione said the digital prints of the underwater world on chiffon or satin silk fabrics was meant to underline " the theme of change, evolution, growth towards the adult world.
  • stiletto: Models wore golden stilettos with shorter looks and flat slippers with longer, billowing ones.

Showdown: Congress looks to override Obama veto of 9/11 bill

  • jeopardy: They're warning the U.S. will become vulnerable to retaliatory litigation in foreign courts that could put American troops in legal jeopardy.
  • jeopardy: Rep. Mac Thornberry, the Texas Republican who chairs the House Armed Services Committee, said that even if none of the potential lawsuits against the United States succeeded, " the risks of discovery or trial in foreign courts, including the questioning of government employees under oath, will disclose sensitive information and subject Americans to legal jeopardy of various kinds.
  • reciprocate: Should a foreign government enact a law that allows a claim against American service members, that nation would not be reciprocating but engaging in a " transparent and unjustifiable act of aggression" that the U.S. should respond to, they said.

Trump, Clinton Set to Debate for 90 Minutes in Pivotal Campaign Face-off

  • taunt: For for the millions of Americans tuning in to watch, it will be the first time they can see the two candidates face-to-face on the same stage, to judge their positions on key issues facing the country, to assess their reaction to each other's taunts and to imagine one of them as the country 45th president over the next four years.
  • rebut: He said if Clinton is forced to rebut any factual errors expressed by Trump, it would leave Clinton with less time to talk about her policy plans.
  • rebut: It is not clear whether Holt plans to point out obvious falsehoods the two candidates might make, as the Clinton campaign wants, or leaves it to the two candidates to rebut something factually wrong the other one says, as Trump wants.