It's fun and simple!
  1. Start by clicking on a news article below.
  2. Get help with TOEFL / SAT vocab words while reading.
  3. Take a quiz after you are done reading.
Want to use it on any web page anywhere?
  1. Add the ESL Reader bookmark to your browser.
  2. Go to any web page and click on the bookmark.
News / blog publishers:
Increase your traffic and user engagement using the ESL Reader Widget.

World News North America Europe Asia Latin America Mid-East Africa Live Dictionary API & Feeds About

Select Your Reading Level:   All Levels |  Easy (Simpler English) |  Medium (Intermediate) |  Hard (Advanced)

Jeff Sessions, an Early Trump Ally, Now is Under Pressure

  • confirm: In March, Sessions recused himself from the Russia probe, following reports that he had failed to disclose full details of his contacts with Kislyak during the previous month, when he testified before the Senate committee's hearing to confirm his appointment as attorney general.
  • contact: In March, Sessions recused himself from the Russia probe, following reports that he had failed to disclose full details of his contacts with Kislyak during the previous month, when he testified before the Senate committee's hearing to confirm his appointment as attorney general.
  • information: The newspaper said the information came from intercepted communications between Kislyak and Moscow.
  • campaign: Sessions denied that he misled members of the Judiciary Committee, and said that he withdrew from any role in the Russia probe because he had served as a campaign adviser to Trump.
  • perform: The spokesman, Taylor Foy, said the Democratic minority in the Senate has " insisted on dragging out the confirmation process for Justice Department nominees," and this had made it more difficult for the committee to perform its function of oversight.

Kansas Man Sentenced to 30 Years for Trying to Bomb US Army Base

  • prison: A Kansas man convicted of attempting to detonate a vehicle bomb at Fort Riley U.S. Army base has been sentenced to 30 years in prison.
  • prison: A conviction on the weapons-of-mass-destruction charge could have led to life in prison.
  • participate: When he pleaded guilty in February, he acknowledged that he wanted to kill Americans and participate in what he called a holy war to support Islamic State militants.
  • vehicle: A Kansas man convicted of attempting to detonate a vehicle bomb at Fort Riley U.S. Army base has been sentenced to 30 years in prison.
  • sentence: A Kansas man convicted of attempting to detonate a vehicle bomb at Fort Riley U.S. Army base has been sentenced to 30 years in prison.

DC Roundup: 'I Did Not Collude With Russia,' Boy Scouts Jamboree, Health Care

  • repeal: Speaking in the White House Blue Room on Monday, Trump scolded Senate Republicans, saying they have not kept their promise to repeal and replace the current health care law, the Affordable Care Act ( ACA), which was championed by former President Barack Obama.
  • brief: I did not collude with Russia, nor do I know of anyone else in the campaign who did so," Kushner said at the White House in a brief statement after answering questions in a closed-door meeting with Senate Intelligence Committee investigators, the first of two congressional interviews for Kushner this week.
  • volunteer: About 40,000 Boy Scouts, leaders and volunteers were on hand for the jamboree, an event held every four years.
  • champion: Speaking in the White House Blue Room on Monday, Trump scolded Senate Republicans, saying they have not kept their promise to repeal and replace the current health care law, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which was championed by former President Barack Obama.
  • federal: US Judge Allows Trump Election Commission to Seek Voting Data-- Trump's commission investigating voter fraud may request voter roll data from U.S. states, a federal judge ruled on Monday, in a setback for groups that contend the effort could infringe on privacy rights.

From Rented Jeans to Reused Cooking Oil, Businesses are Going ‘Circular’

  • material: London authorities are hoping that architects will increasingly design buildings which can be taken apart at the end of their lives and the materials and components used again.
  • map: London's Waste and Recycling Board last month published a road map for how the city as a whole could make the shift, thereby cutting emissions and creating jobs.
  • operate: I think increasingly, everything that we do will be seen through the lens of a circular economy," said Wayne Hubbard, chief operating officer of the London Waste and Recycling Board.
  • publish: London's Waste and Recycling Board last month published a road map for how the city as a whole could make the shift, thereby cutting emissions and creating jobs.
  • upgrade: The company uses cooking fat from its canteens and other kitchens to fuel its offices, it re-uses and remanufactures office furniture where possible and donates the rest to charity, and when its computers and phones need upgrading- a frequent occurrence- they send them to another company which resells them.

Venezuela Maduro's 'Despacito' Political Remix Backfires Quickly

  • version: Maduro's unpopular leftist government on Sunday promoted a remixed version of " Despacito" to encourage Venezuelans to vote for the Constituent Assembly, which will have powers to rewrite the national charter and supersede other institutions.
  • deplorable: At no point was I asked, nor did I authorize, the use or the change in lyrics of " Despacito" for political ambitions, and much less in the middle of a deplorable situation that Venezuela, a country I love so much, is living," Fonsi said in a message posted on Twitter.
  • inject: Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro's attempt to use Latin hit " Despacito"- which means 'slowly '- to inject some cool into his controversial new congress has backfired quickly.
  • nefarious: With this nefarious marketing plan, you only highlight your fascist ideal.
  • approval: Maduro called out to the crowd, which roared back in approval.

Trump plea for unity on showdown healthcare vote

  • oppose: Some of the people that are opposed to this, they're some female senators from the North East.
  • delay: There appear to be two choices- either a repeal-and-replace bill that has already struggled to win support across the party, or a bill that enacts repeal with a two-year delay, in the hope of finding agreement before that time elapses.
  • aggressive: Senator John McCain, recently diagnosed with an aggressive brain tumour, will return to Congress to cast his vote.
  • warn: The president increased the pressure on his party by warning them they had a duty to adhere to seven years of promises.
  • insurance: The non-partisan Congressional Budgetary Office (CBO) found the bill would be strip 22 million Americans of health insurance over the next decade.

Personnel Records Out for Minnesota Officer Who Shot Woman

  • annual: His file also says he passed all of his annual semi-automatic, handgun and shotgun qualifications, but there are no additional details about how he performed.
  • noise: His partner told authorities that he was startled by a loud noise shortly before Damond appeared at the police vehicle.
  • partner: Noor, who was in the passenger seat of a squad car, shot across his partner in the driver's seat and hit Damond.
  • commendation: The records released Monday don't list any awards or commendations for Noor.
  • qualification: His file also says he passed all of his annual semi-automatic, handgun and shotgun qualifications, but there are no additional details about how he performed.

‘Game of Thrones’ Author Teases 2 Possible New Books in 2018

  • epic: Author George R.R. Martin has hinted at the possibility of not one but two new " Game of Thrones" books in 2018, whetting the appetites of fans who have been waiting for the next installment of the epic saga since 2011.
  • series: The series will conclude next year with the eighth season, which will reveal who will sit on the Iron Throne.
  • series: Martin, whose " A Song of Ice and Fire" novels were adapted into HBO's hit medieval fantasy series " Game of Thrones, " currently is working on the sixth installment," Winds of Winter," continuing the story from 2011's " A Dance With Dragons.
  • dismiss: There have been recent contradictory reports about " Winds of Winter"- that Martin had not even been started it or that he had finished it but was holding it back- and the author dismissed those as " equally false and equally moronic.
  • struggle: Game of Thrones" follows the epic story of warring families in a multi-generational struggle for control of the Iron Throne, which rules over the Seven Kingdoms of Weste ros.

13 Prisoners Dig Tunnel to Escape Guyana Jail

  • process: Using handguns smuggled into the jail, they shot their way out more than two weeks ago, killing a guard in the process.
  • guard: Using handguns smuggled into the jail, they shot their way out more than two weeks ago, killing a guard in the process.
  • jail: Using handguns smuggled into the jail, they shot their way out more than two weeks ago, killing a guard in the process.
  • delay: Lusignan Prison was recently fortified, after hundreds of inmates were transferred there from Georgetown Prison, a maximum-security institution that burned down after inmates set a fire to protest prison conditions and lengthy trial delays.
  • prison: Lusignan Prison was recently fortified, after hundreds of inmates were transferred there from Georgetown Prison, a maximum-security institution that burned down after inmates set a fire to protest prison conditions and lengthy trial delays.

Kenyan President Fails to Show for Election Debate

  • maize: We address the issues of flour, so tha t we can lower the prices of maize flour, sugar," he said.
  • enforce: He said to lower rent he would enforce the existing rent restrictions act.
  • connect: Kenyatta's Jubilee Party has also promised to provide free, quality primary healthcare for all Kenyans; free secondary education; affordable housing and connect every citizen to the electricity grid by 2020.
  • absence: The office of Kenyatta, who is running for a second and final five-year term in office, gave no explanation for his absence.
  • sugar: We address the issues of flour, so tha t we can lower the prices of maize flour, sugar," he said.

‘Mama Nyandeng' Says She Has Reconciled With South Sudan's President Kiir

  • government: A well-known South Sudanese politician who a few months ago had called on government soldiers to lay down their weapons saying that would leave President Salva Kiir with no power, said Monday she has reconciled with the president.
  • weapon: A well-known South Sudanese politician who a few months ago had called on government soldiers to lay down their weapons saying that would leave President Salva Kiir with no power, said Monday she has reconciled with the president.
  • reconcile: A well-known South Sudanese politician who a few months ago had called on government soldiers to lay down their weapons saying that would leave President Salva Kiir with no power, said Monday she has reconciled with the president.
  • relationship: Nyandeng said despite her new relationship with Ki ir, she will not return to the country until all of its political forces are reunited.
  • aggrieve: We need to see that all the people who are aggrieved come to the tabl e," she adds.

US Judge Halts Deportations of Iraqis Detained by ICE

  • involve: In his decision, Goldsmith wrote that the case involved " extraordinary circumstance s," noting that the Iraqis suddenly faced deportation after years of many of their cases being " dormant.
  • advocate: Advocates say the detained Iraqis, many of them Christians, face persecution, torture and possibly death if forced to return to their native country, where Christians are a minority.
  • torture: Advocates say the detained Iraqis, many of them Christians, face persecution, torture and possibly death if forced to return to their native country, where Christians are a minority.
  • arrest: A federal judge in Detroit has stopped the potential deportation of hundreds of Iraqis with criminal records who were arrested by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement ( ICE).
  • document: Some of the Iraqis named in this case came to the United States as children and committed crimes decades ago, but previous attempts to deport them had failed because the Baghdad government declined to issue them travel documents.

Global Use of Trade Restrictions Slows, WTO Says

  • debate: The WTO's global monitoring report, debated at a trade policy review on Monday, covers October 2016 to May 2017.
  • require: China, routinely the WTO member most often accused of unfair pricing and illegal subsidies, had introduced new restrictions with a cybersecurity law, requiring data generated in China to be stored in China, and a film production law, requiring Chinese movies get two-thirds of the screen time at Chinese cinemas.
  • period: Trade-restrictive steps peaked at 22 per month in 2011, roughly twice the level in the period of the latest report.
  • policy: The WTO's global monitoring report, debated at a trade policy review on Monday, covers October 2016 to May 2017.
  • suspect: During the period under review, the United States introduced new restrictions including a provisional duty on Canadian softwood lumber, suspecting it of being unfairly priced.

Winston Blackmore and James Oler found guilty of polygamy

  • government: In 2011, the BC Supreme Court upheld Canada's anti-polygamy law as constitutional following a request from BC's government for a ruling on the issue.
  • legal: The verdict on Monday is unlikely to be the final legal word.
  • guilty: Blackmore's lawyer, Blair Suffredine, told the court he planned to launch a challenge to the anti-polygamy laws should his client be found guilty.
  • guilty: Winston Blackmore and James Oler found guilty of polygamy- BBC News.
  • community: Blackmore and Oler are from Bountiful in southeastern BC, a religious community of about 1,500 people founded in 1946.

Thailand Freezes Former PM Yingluck's Bank Accounts in Rice Subsidy Case

  • guilty: In 2015, a military-appointed legislature banned Yingluck from politics for five years after finding her guilty of mismanaging the rice scheme.
  • guilty: Yingluck, who says the trial against her is politically motivated, faces up to 10 years in prison if she is found guilty of negligence over her role in the scheme.
  • mismanage: In 2015, a military-appointed legislature banned Yingluck from politics for five years after finding her guilty of mismanaging the rice scheme.
  • prime: The rice scheme was a policy engineered by Yingluck's brother, former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, who was toppled in a 2006 coup and lives abroad, to avoid a two-year prison sentence from 2008 for graft in a land purchase case.
  • junta: Yingluck, whose government was ousted by the junta in a 2014 coup, will deliver a closing statement in a separate criminal case over the rice subsidies next week.

Next James Bond Film Set for November 2019, No Word on 007 Star

  • franchise: With its futuristic gadgets, menacing super villains and larger-than-life explosions, the Bond series is the longest-running film franchise in history, with actors such as Sean Connery, Roger Moore and Pierce Brosnan inhabiting the role of the leading man.
  • reprisal: His reprisal of the role for a fifth time has been the subject of much speculation after the actor said in 2015 that he would rather slash his wrists than play Bond again.
  • candidate: Meanwhile, actors such as Idris Elba, Tom Hiddleston and Tom Hardy have all been named as potential candidates to step into the fast cars and sharply tailored suits of Bond, MI6's secret agent 007.
  • spy: James Bond is returning to movie theaters in November 2019, producers said Monday, but they did not say who will play Britain's most famous fictional spy.
  • release: Eon Productions and MGM studios said in a statement that the 25th Bond film will be released in U.S. theaters on Nov. 8, 2019, with a slightly earlier release in Britain.

Israel removes Jerusalem metal detectors after cabinet vote

  • compound: Israel says that three Israeli Arabs who carried out the 14 July shooting near the compound were able to smuggle guns inside and that metal detectors are needed to stop similar attacks.
  • risk: The UN's Middle East envoy had warned the tensions risked spreading " well beyond " the ancient city.
  • security: Image copyright Reuters Image caption Israeli security forces started removing the metal detectors overnight.
  • caption: Image copyright Reuters Image caption Palestinians stand in front of policeman and the metal detectors.
  • site: The site in Jerusalem's Old City is sacred to both Jews and Muslims.

Brazil Plans Federal Workers' Buyout to Cut Deficit

  • government: A two-year recession has reduced tax revenues and forced the government to freeze spending as it seeks to meet a 139 billion-real budget deficit target for 2017.
  • announce: The ministry said in a statement that the plan would be announced this week.
  • overhaul: Political turbulence stirred by corruption charges against President Michel Temer has delayed approval in Congress of an unpopular overhaul of Brazil's generous pension system that is the main cause of the budget deficit.
  • turbulence: Political turbulence stirred by corruption charges against President Michel Temer has delayed approval in Congress of an unpopular overhaul of Brazil's generous pension system that is the main cause of the budget deficit.
  • freeze: A two-year recession has reduced tax revenues and forced the government to freeze spending as it seeks to meet a 139 billion-real budget deficit target for 2017.

Despacito stars condemn Venezuela's Maduro over political remix

  • version: The original Puerto Rican version of Despacito has been a worldwide success, and a version featuring Canadian popstar Justin Bieber recently became the most-streamed song of all time.
  • condemn: Despacito stars condemn Venezuela's Maduro over political remix- BBC News.
  • version: President Nicolas Maduro presented an altered version during his weekly television show on Sunday.
  • audience: The president was seen clapping along to the remix, as his audience danced.
  • caption: Image copyright Universal Music Image caption The original version of the song was a global hit, juxtaposing Fonsi's melodic chorus with Daddy Yankee's more gritty, urban verses.

Republicans in US House Push for Congressional Budget Office Cuts

  • tank: The Heritage Foundation is a conservative think tank based in Washington, as is the American Enterprise Institute.
  • program: The CBO was created in 1974 during a spending dispute between the Democratic-controlled Congress and Republican President Richard Nixon after he withheld funds for government programs that did not support his political positions.
  • lawmaker: The CBO is one of a handful of analysis units of Congress whose employees strive for political impartiality, providing dependable and neutral information that lawmakers can use when making often complex budget, tax and other decisions.
  • tank: There's plenty of think tanks that are out there.
  • policy: Its staff includes economists, public policy analysts, lawyers and editors.

Test-tube Immune Systems Can Speed Vaccine Development

  • immune: When a pathogen invades the body, the immune system develops antibodies specific to that pathogen.
  • vaccine: New technology allows scientists working on new vaccines to combat infectious diseases to test their products ' effectiveness on a model immune system in a laboratory, without putting the upgraded vaccine into humans.
  • immune: The technology also has the potential to be used to mass produce antibodies in the lab to supplement real immune systems that are comprom ised, or battling pathogens like Ebola.
  • invade: When a pathogen invades the body, the immune system develops antibodies specific to that pathogen.
  • research: Laurens, who studies malaria vaccine development at Maryland, called the research exciting.

US Judge Allows Trump Election Commission to Seek Voting Data

  • expert: Most state officials who oversee elections and election law experts say that voter fraud is rare in the United States.
  • evidence: Trump, who set up the commission by executive order on May 12, has charged without evidence that millions voted unlawfully in the November presidential election.
  • advocate: Kobach is the secretary of state for Kansas and a high-profile advocate of tougher laws on immigration and voter identification.
  • commission: We look forward to continuing to work with state election leaders to gather information and identify opportunities to improve election integrity," the commission's vice chair Kris Kobach said in a statement after Monday's ruling.
  • civil: Civil rights groups and Democratic lawmakers have said the commission could lead to new ID requirements and other measures making it harder to vote.

US-led Coalition Supports Raqqa Civilian Council Efforts to Rule After IS

  • civil: To address those challenges, a delegation from the U.S., consisting of members of the State Department, engineers and civil society organization representatives, also visited the council last Tuesday.
  • disaster: Their current living conditions are a real humanitarian disaster due to severe food, water, and medical shortages," according to the group.
  • intense: She said hundreds of residents are forced to flee to Kurdish-controlled towns in northern Syria as intense battles and airstrikes in the city have caused great damage to the city.
  • resident: Growing support for the council is sensitive for some residents of the city and Turkey that are concerned about the extent of Kurdish influence on Raqqa's future.
  • civilian: According to the anti-IS monitoring group Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, about 70,000 civilians are still trapped inside the city.

Seeking justice

  • refer: To bring those individuals (including, Ms Del Ponte thinks, President Assad) to court, the UN Security Council would have to refer Syria to the International Criminal Court.
  • negotiate: In the talks about Syria in the Kazakh capital, Astana, the Russians, Turks, and Iranians are working to negotiate " de-escalation zones" to reduce the violence.
  • refugee: For the millions of Syrians waiting in refugee camps, or trapped in besieged cities, peace cannot come soon enough.
  • rape: Villages destroyed, crops burnt, wells pois oned, torture, rape, starvation sieges, mass bombing of civilians, and what only a decade ago might have been unthinkable- chemical weapons.
  • crime: This gives me hope that something is moving," says Alain Werner, director of Civitas Maxima, a Swiss organisation that works to ensure justice for victims of war crimes and crimes against huma nity.

'Monsters in the sea'

  • treat: Image copyright Proem-aid Image caption Drawings like this one prompted Lesbos volunteers to treat children's water trauma.
  • camp: Adam, a six-year-old Iraqi Kurd, arrived at Pikpa camp with an eye problem.
  • hopelessness: Worst of all, they drew hopelessness," recalls Mr Elviro, a technology researcher from Spain's Balearic Islands University who volunteered for charity Proem-aid.
  • process: A note on terminology: The BBC uses the term migrant to refer to all people on the move who have yet to complete the legal process of claiming asylum.
  • volunteer: Worst of all, they drew hopelessness," recalls Mr Elviro, a technology researcher from Spain's Balearic Islands University who volunteered for charity Proem-aid.

Always ready

  • diet: There their diet expanded to include flat bread, blackberries, hard cheese and dried melon.
  • plenty: There were clean beds and there was plenty of food- but Krystyna fell terribly ill.
  • rural: Although she grew up in a loving home in rural Poland, her childhood was cut short by the outbreak of war.
  • diet: Krystyna's family were put to work harvesting timber in a Russian labour camp on a starvation diet.
  • compete: In last year's Ms Senior America finals, Krystyna competed against 44 other state queens- and lost to a woman roughly 30 years her junior.

Intimidation and threats

  • caption: Image caption Giuseppe Antoci has led moves to pass new anti-mafia legislation.
  • caption: Image caption How can this intimidation be happening, says Sebastiano Blanco.
  • guard: He's suffered death threats and now lives under permanent armed guard.
  • warm: It's a warm July evening and the surrounding hills glow golden in the setting sun amid the chirruping of swallows and the song of cicadas.
  • caption: Image caption Winemaker Cesare Nicodemo says the Mafia is trying to drive him off his land.

The 'untouchable'

  • persist: Reviewer Michiko Kakutani wrote that Gidla's family stories reveal how" ancient prejudices persist in contemporary India, and how those prejudices are being challenged by the disenfranchised ".
  • skin: In America, writes Gilda," people know only my skin colour, not birth status ".
  • caste: The Minneapolis Star Tribune described the book as the " boisterous life of an Indian family that fought the caste system ".
  • community: Gidla hails from the Dalit community of Kazipet, a small town in southern Telangana state.
  • irony: The irony is laid bare by Sujatha Gidla whose recent memoir speaks of her life and her family and the plight of 300 millions Dalits ( " oppressed" in Sanskrit), formerly known as untouchables in India.

US 'may send arms' to Ukraine, says new envoy

  • rebel: In a video statement, the department blamed the " Russian-led" rebels for the flare-up.
  • tank: Defensive weapons, ones that would allow Ukraine to defend itself, and to take out tanks for example, would actually to help" to stop Russia threatening Ukraine, Mr Volker said in a BBC interview.
  • urge: Last week, the US State Department urged both sides to observe the fragile ceasefire in eastern Ukraine.
  • weapon: Defensive weapons, ones that would allow Ukraine to defend itself, and to take out tanks for example, would actually to help" to stop Russia threatening Ukraine, Mr Volker said in a BBC interview.
  • conflict: The UN says more than 10,000 people have died since the eastern Ukraine conflict erupted in April 2014, soon after Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea peninsula.

Bitcoin goes arty

  • caption: Image copyright Reuters Image caption The number of retailers that accept Bitcoin is rising, but it is still relatively small.
  • normal: She believes paying by cryptocurrency will become as normal as paying by cash or credit card.
  • international: In a first for the tradition-bound art world of Cork Street, her international clientele will have the opportunity to pay using Bitcoin, the digital cryptocurrency underpinned by blockchain technology.
  • anonymous: Bitcoin payments can be anonymous and potentially beyond the grasp of tax authorities, but this isn't the reason she's offering payment by cryptocurrency, she assures me.
  • accept: The gallery will also accept other cryptocurrencies such as Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Dash, Litecoin, and soon, Monero, she says.

Republican blames women senators for 'repugnant' health bill woes

  • especially: Mrs Capito was especially concerned with the cuts to Medica id, which her state expanded under Obamacare.
  • female: All three female senators also emphasised they could not vote to repeal Obamacare without a replacement plan in place.
  • oppose: He added: " Some of the people that are opposed to this, they're some female senators from the North East.
  • reform: Republicans in the House of Representatives are seething over the possibility that senators will hang them out to dry on healthcare reform.
  • moderate: While that may be a reality for some moderate Republicans, they were buoyed by thoughts of fulfilling a long-time campaign promise and achieving a key conservative goal.

Israeli embassy staff home after Amman assault

  • ministry: According to the Vienna Convention of 1961 the security guard has immunity from investigation and arrest, the Israeli foreign ministry said.
  • security: Image copyright EPA Image caption Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has spoken to the security guard involved.
  • guard: Image copyright EPA Image caption Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has spoken to the security guard involved.
  • involve: Image copyright EPA Image caption Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has spoken to the security guard involved.
  • complex: The staff of the Israeli embassy in Jordan have returned to Israel after an assault at the complex on Sunday.

Poland court reforms: PM Beata Szydlo vows to fight for change

  • government: The president's initial compromise plan last week watered down the government's bid to push through its nominees for the National Judiciary Council, by requiring the support of another political party.
  • nominee: The president's initial compromise plan last week watered down the government's bid to push through its nominees for the National Judiciary Council, by requiring the support of another political party.
  • veto: In theory, the Polish parliament could now challenge the president's veto.
  • expert: Mr Duda said he made his decision after consulting legal experts and judges.
  • require: The president's initial compromise plan last week watered down the government's bid to push through its nominees for the National Judiciary Council, by requiring the support of another political party.

On Russia, Congress shows remarkable unity

  • chairman: They point to a lack of independence from the White House on Russia that caused then-House intelligence chairman, Rep. Devin Nunes ( R) of California, to hand his committee gavel over to Rep. Mike Conaway ( R) of Texas, earlier this year.
  • novice: He characterized his contacts with Russia or Russian representatives as minimal and himself as a political novice, flooded by e-mails and other communications in a swiftly moving campaign and transition period.
  • flood: He characterized his contacts with Russia or Russian representatives as minimal and himself as a political novice, flooded by e-mails and other communications in a swiftly moving campaign and transition period.
  • improve: The worry today is more over Russian cyberattacks and political interference than a hot war, he says, but in the '80s, the feeling was that relations could improve.
  • approval: It would still, however, make it very difficult for the president to overturn sanctions without congressional approval.

Justin Bieber cancels remaining Purpose World Tour dates

  • damage: Bieber's decision comes a few weeks after British singer Adele cancelled the last two shows of her world tour on medical advice after damaging her vocal cords.
  • perform: However, after careful consideration he has decided he will not be performing any further dates.
  • affect: The move will affect 14 dates in Asia and North America over the next three months.
  • further: However, after careful consideration he has decided he will not be performing any further dates.
  • behaviour: Chinese officials said last week that the Canadian pop star had been banned from mainland China because he had engaged in what they described as " bad behaviour".

Brazil: Buttock surgeon killed in suspected revenge attack

  • suspect: Brazil: Buttock surgeon killed in suspected revenge attack- BBC News.
  • suspect: A Brazilian woman accused of carrying out illegal silicon implant procedures has been killed in a suspected revenge attack.
  • risk: Her family denied the charges and said she always warned clients of the risks associated with silicone implant procedures.
  • expert: Forensic experts concluded that she was shot in the face at close range, which is usually a sign of anger and hatred," chief investigator Fabio Cardoso told O Globo newspaper.
  • risk: People knew the risks but they went ahead anyway," said her brother-in-law, Daniel Mofacto.

In Ethiopia, model drought defenses are put to the test

  • generation: Most people here are herders, and families spend generations building flocks of cows, sheep, and camels.
  • surround: The city fills out and up, seemingly insatiable, nibbling into surrounding farmland and poking higher and higher into the smoggy highland sky.
  • nibble: The city fills out and up, seemingly insatiable, nibbling into surrounding farmland and poking higher and higher into the smoggy highland sky.
  • detain: Journalists are routinely detained or arrested and accused of provoking unrest with critical coverage.
  • bankruptcy: Losing them is a form of bankruptcy that could take another lifetime to recover from.

Trump son-in-law Kushner defends conduct after Senate testimony

  • campaign: Donald Trump's son-in-law has defended his conduct in last year's presidential campaign, after giving evidence to a Senate panel investigating Russian interference in the election.
  • ambassador: He met with an influential Russian banker because the Russian ambassador- whose name he couldn't initially remember- was so persistent.
  • collusion: Mr Kushner, 36, has also denied any collusion with Russia.
  • possible: In his Senate testimony Jared Kushner says he has nothing to hide and is " happy" to share information with those investigating possible Russian meddling in the 2016 presidential campaign.
  • risk: When walking in a minefield, it's the ones you don't know about that pose the greatest risk.

How do refugee students make the jump to Germany's universities?

  • crisis: School officials raised private donations to fund a scholarship program for students from areas of crisis.
  • recognize: Many universities quickly recognized that there would be a need to facilitate access for refugees, and began programs like the one at Goethe, which had 135 students in the spring term.
  • initiative: One of the Bard scholarship recipients is Ahmed Mobayed, a Syrian who came to Bard by way of another initiative meant to reduce barriers to higher education for refugees: Kiron Open Higher E ducation.
  • aid: The Goethe program students take intensive German courses, can attend some university classes, and are given support in everything from CV writing to navigating the financial aid system.
  • course: The Goethe program students take intensive German courses, can attend some university classes, and are given support in everything from CV writing to navigating the financial aid system.

Hot new job for middle-class students: manual labor

  • century: NBSS has been around for more than a century, but it caters to a corner of the labor market that has been gaining prominence more recently: young, middle-class workers drawn to decidedly old-fashioned occupations that allow them to work with their hands.
  • distiller: One of the few concrete pieces of evidence is in the increase of new, independent alcohol distillers, which are licensed and regulated.
  • accredit: North Bennett Street School runs accredited adult-education programs for a wide assortment of trades, from jewelry- and furniture-making to residential carpentry.
  • elite: Unless you worked at an elite restaurant, no one cared about you.
  • major: Before becoming a furniture maker, she majored in theater at Emerson College and worked as a photo stylist until the work dried up.

San Antonio truck tragedy: Driver charged

  • victim: The fire chief confirmed at least two of the victims were school-age children.
  • employee: Officials were brought to the trailer by a man who had approached an employee of the Walmart store and asked for water.
  • struggle: Migrant deaths: How one Texas county is struggling to cope.
  • government: Mexico's government said it was working closely with US authorities to identify the nationalities of the victims.
  • victim: Mexico's government said it was working closely with US authorities to identify the nationalities of the victims.

New York squirrel attacks five in Brooklyn's Prospect Park

  • warn: Authorities in New York have warned people visiting Prospect Park in Brooklyn to be on the lookout for an " unusually aggressive" squirrel.
  • transmit: It is a zoonotic disease, one passed on to humans from animals, and is transmitted via saliva from infected animals- most commonly dogs.
  • immediate: Anyone who thinks they may have been bitten in the park recently should get immediate medical advice, the department said.
  • infect: Squirrels are rarely infected with rabies, a disease that can prove fatal.
  • urge: A fifth person, who was jogging when attacked, has been urged to seek medical attention, local media report.

Switzerland chainsaw attack: Police hunt Schaffhausen attacker

  • caption: Image copyright EPA Image caption Swiss police are searching for this man.
  • allege: Franz Wrousis is alleged to have launched his assault at a health insurance office shortly after 10:30 local time ( 08:30 GMT).
  • hypothetical: His exact motives are still not clear, but police Major Ravi Landolt told a news conference:" This is not an attack against a hypothetical person.
  • launch: Franz Wrousis is alleged to have launched his assault at a health insurance office shortly after 10:30 local time ( 08:30 GMT).
  • insurance: Franz Wrousis is alleged to have launched his assault at a health insurance office shortly after 10:30 local time ( 08:30 GMT).

Rome hit by water rationing as Italy struggles with drought

  • calamity: Image copyright AFP/Getty Images Image caption At least 10 Italian regions are preparing requests for a state of natural calamity to be declared.
  • drought: Rome hit by water rationing as Italy struggles with drought- BBC News.
  • pump: Rome faces eight hours a day without running water after a halt was ordered on pumping water from a nearby lake.
  • warn: Dairy farmers and those growing olives, tomatoes and wine grapes are among the most affected, farmers association Coldiretti warns.
  • emergency: A state of emergency was earlier declared in two northern provinces.

Armed guards for tomatoes in India as prices rise

  • island: Next story: China opens first cinema on disputed South China Sea island.
  • guard: Armed guards for tomatoes in India as prices rise- BBC News.
  • dispute: Next story: China opens first cinema on disputed South China Sea island.
  • guard: The wholesaler said the administrators of the Devi Ahilya Bai Holker market had appointed half a dozen armed guards to keep the tomatoes safe- particularly when they are being unloaded from trucks.
  • caption: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption A hike in the price of tomatoes around the country is making many see red.

French philosopher Dufourmantelle drowns rescuing children

  • survive: When there really is a danger that must be faced in order to survive, as for example during the Blitz in London, there is a strong incentive for action, dedication, and surpassing oneself," she said.
  • induce: To imagine an enemy ready to attack from time to time induces a state of paralysis, a feeling of helplessness which calls for a maternal response- supposedly all protective.
  • accept: Dufourmantelle wrote numerous essays on the importance of taking risks and the need to accept that exposure to any number of possible threats is a part of everyday life, including the book Praise of Risk, published in 2011.
  • risk: Dufourmantelle wrote numerous essays on the importance of taking risks and the need to accept that exposure to any number of possible threats is a part of everyday life, including the book Praise of Risk, published in 2011.
  • metamorphosis: L ife is metamorphosis," she said, adding: " It begins with this risk.

Microsoft signals end of Paint program

  • development: Microsoft says that features on the list will be either removed from Windows 10 or " not in active development and might be removed in future releases ".
  • release: Paint has been part of the Windows operating system since its release in 1985 and is known for its simplicity and basic artistic results.
  • remove: Microsoft's graphics program Paint has been included in a list of Windows 10 features that will be either removed or no longer developed.
  • program: Microsoft's graphics program Paint has been included in a list of Windows 10 features that will be either removed or no longer developed.
  • roll: The list was issued as part of the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update, which rolls out in the autumn.

Zimbabwe: Trained elephant kills tour guide in Victoria Falls park

  • major: Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Elephants are a major tourist attraction in Zimbabwe.
  • operator: The tour operator, Adventure Z one, describes the rides it offers on its website as " elephant back safaris " where tourists " get close to these giants and interact with them ".
  • operator: No-one saw the elephant attack but they heard the screams and trumpeting of the elephant, Brent Williamson from the tour operator told the BBC.
  • accident: According to the Chronicle newspaper, Mr Kufandada's son went to the scene of the accident on Sunday and" helped pick up some body parts that were scattered all over the place ".
  • guide: Zimbabwe: Trained elephant kills tour guide in Victoria Falls park.

China opens first cinema on disputed South China Sea island

  • establish: Vietnam has repeatedly protested against China's decision to establish the administrative city.
  • dispute: In 2013, it began running tourism cruises to the disputed islands.
  • community: The opening of the cinema is part of a plan by local authorities to establish community services on the disputed islands, the China Global TV Network said.
  • establish: The opening of the cinema is part of a plan by local authorities to establish community services on the disputed islands, the China Global TV Network said.
  • dispute: The opening of the cinema is part of a plan by local authorities to establish community services on the disputed islands, the China Global TV Network said.

South African child 'virtually cured' of HIV

  • brief: However, this new case strengthens our hope that by treating HIV-infected children for a brief period beginning in infancy, we may be able to spare them the burden of lifelong therapy and the health consequences of long-term immune activation typically associated with HIV disease.
  • remission: Dr Avy Violari, the head of paediatric research at the Perinal HIV Research Unit in Johannesburg, said: " We don't believe that antiretroviral therapy alone can lead to remission.
  • cure: Prof Diana Gibbs, who is based in London, told the BBC News website: " It captures the imagination because you 've got a virtual cure and it is exciting to see cases like this.
  • immune: It is worth noting that while there is no active HIV in the child's body, the virus has been detected in the child's immune cells.
  • treatment: The " Mississippi Baby" was put on treatment within 30 hours of birth and went 27 months without treatment before HIV re-emerged in her blood.